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1108-1134 Ap Keyterm

History Ap World history

QuestionAnswer
Pearl Harbor:
Attempt to destroy US navy before they enter war, becomes catalyst for US entering war. Operation Overlord:
June 6, 1944 - Invasion of Normandy, sets up Western Front against Germany, USSR pleased, known D-Day strategic bombing:
June 6, 1944 - Invasion of Normandy, sets up Western Front against Germany, USSR pleased, known D-Day Final Solution:
Nazi decision to exterminate Jews, last years of World War II, shipped to extermination camps Wannsee Conference:
January 20, 1942 - high level Nazis meet secretly to discuss, agree upon Auschwitz-Birkenau:
most famous extermination camp superpowers:
Following WWII - two nations emerge as military, economic world leaders - USSR and USA Cold War:
Ideological, economic and military conflict between superpowers - 1945-1989 - world takes sides - bipolar world partition of Germany:
Divided among Allies - England, France, US, USSR - USSR section becomes E. Germany, others unite - W. Germany Berlin Blockade:
Stalin shuts off trains, planes, roads into East Berlin - attempt to cut off western influence - Berlin Airlift foils plans Nikita Khrushchev:
Controversial USSR premier Follows Stalins (1953-1964), criticizes Stalin's policies, foreign policy brings USSR-USA to brink of war nuclear arms race:
Both USSR_USA push for weapons w/ larger payload, longer/more accurate trajectory, larger quantity mutually assured destruction:
Deterrent policy in which neither USA-USSR would use nukes, because they would likewise be annihilated Third World:
Initially countries neither in US or Soviet bloc, now it is those developing countries in Africa, Asia, L. America domino theory:
Ideology that dominated 1950s/1960s, if one nations goes communist, neighboring countries would likewise turn Communist Soviet invasion of Hungary:
October 1956 hundreds of thousands Hungarian protesters put down by Soviet govt - leads to drop in support for Marxist ideas Fidel Castro and Cuban Revolution:
Overthrows Cuban gov't, believed too much of Cuban nation controlled by foreign interests, adopts Communist-state-controlled/nationalized economy Bay of Pigs:
Failed attempt by US supported/trained Cuban exiles to overthrow Castro, failure embarasses US - increases Cuban-US tension Brezhnev Doctrine:
1968 policy - no Soviet Bloc country can try to break free from Warsaw Pact - control of Soviets Sino-Soviet Split:
China breaks from USSR, Mao wants more control/become Superpower also, mutual preservation from other's aggression détente:
Term for reduction in tension between USA - USSR between 1960 and 1980s Afghan War:
Failed attempt by USSR to take over Afghanistan - expense/negative public reaction hurt USSR communists - US supported Afghan guerillas European Coal and Steel Community:
1958 - first attempt to unite W. European countries economically Charles de Gaulle:
First president of France's 5th Republic - Gaullism - independence from international world - withdraws from NATO - pushed for social welfare Francois Mitterand:
More pro-West w/ policies, president France 1981-1995 Helmut Kohl:
German Chancellor 1982-1998 - worked w/ Mitterand on European Union - like Thatcher/Reagan - wanted to lower taxes, encourage initiative - conservative decolonization:
following WWII - nations pushed to be free of European control - Europe focused on own issues, allowed decolonization at varying degrees - based on settler population
Attempt to destroy US navy before they enter war, becomes catalyst for US entering war .Pearl Harbor:
June 6, 1944 - Invasion of Normandy, sets up Western Front against Germany, USSR pleased, known D-Day .Operation Overlord:
systematic targetting of civilians - both residential and industrial capability - destroy will to fight .strategic bombing:
Nazi decision to exterminate Jews, last years of World War II, shipped to extermination camps. Final Solution:
January 20, 1942 - high level Nazis meet secretly to discuss, agree upon "Final Solution" .Wannsee Conference:
most famous extermination camp. Auschwitz-Birkenau:
Following WWII - two nations emerge as military, economic world leaders - USSR and USA .superpowers:
Ideological, economic and military conflict between superpowers - 1945-1989 - world takes sides - bipolar world .Cold War:
Divided among Allies - England, France, US, USSR - USSR section becomes E. Germany, others unite - W. Germany .partition of Germany:
Stalin shuts off trains, planes, roads into East Berlin - attempt to cut off western influence - Berlin Airlift foils plans .Berlin Blockade:
Controversial USSR premier Follows Stalins (1953-1964), criticizes Stalin's policies, foreign policy brings USSR-USA to brink of war .Nikita Khrushchev:
Both USSR_USA push for weapons w/ larger payload, longer/more accurate trajectory, larger quantity .nuclear arms race:
Deterrent policy in which neither USA-USSR would use nukes, because they would likewise be annihilated .mutually assured destruction:
Initially countries neither in US or Soviet bloc, now it is those developing countries in Africa, Asia, L. America .Third World:
Ideology that dominated 1950s/1960s, if one nations goes communist, neighboring countries would likewise turn Communist .domino theory:
October 1956 hundreds of thousands Hungarian protesters put down by Soviet govt - leads to drop in support for Marxist ideas .Soviet invasion of Hungary:
Overthrows Cuban gov't, believed too much of Cuban nation controlled by foreign interests, adopts Communist-state-controlled/nationalized economy ."Fidel Castro and Cuban Revolution":
Failed attempt by US supported/trained Cuban exiles to overthrow Castro, failure embarasses US - increases Cuban-US tension .Bay of Pigs:
1968 policy - no Soviet Bloc country can try to break free from Warsaw Pact - control of Soviets .Brezhnev Doctrine:
China breaks from USSR, Mao wants more control/become Superpower also, mutual preservation from other's aggression .Sino-Soviet Split:
Term for reduction in tension between USA - USSR between 1960 and 1980s .détente:
Failed attempt by USSR to take over Afghanistan - expense/negative public reaction hurt USSR communists - US supported Afghan guerillas ."Afghan War":
1958 - first attempt to unite W. European countries economically .European Coal and Steel Community:
"First president of France's 5th Republic - Gaullism - independence from international world - withdraws from NATO - pushed for social welfare" .Charles de Gaulle:
"More pro-West w/ policies, president France 1981-1995" ."Francois Mitterand":
"German Chancellor 1982-1998 - worked w/ Mitterand on European Union - like Thatcher/Reagan - wanted to lower taxes, encourage initiative - conservative" .Helmut Kohl:
"following WWII - nations pushed to be free of European control - Europe focused on own issues, allowed decolonization at varying degrees - based on settler population" .decolonization:
Attempt to destroy US navy before they enter war, becomes catalyst for US entering war .Pearl Harbor:
June 6, 1944 - Invasion of Normandy, sets up Western Front against Germany, USSR pleased, known D-Day .Operation Overlord:
systematic targetting of civilians - both residential and industrial capability - destroy will to fight .strategic bombing:
Nazi decision to exterminate Jews, last years of World War II, shipped to extermination camps. Final Solution:
January 20, 1942 - high level Nazis meet secretly to discuss, agree upon "Final Solution" .Wannsee Conference:
most famous extermination camp. Auschwitz-Birkenau:
Following WWII - two nations emerge as military, economic world leaders - USSR and USA .superpowers:
Ideological, economic and military conflict between superpowers - 1945-1989 - world takes sides - bipolar world .Cold War:
Divided among Allies - England, France, US, USSR - USSR section becomes E. Germany, others unite - W. Germany .partition of Germany:
Stalin shuts off trains, planes, roads into East Berlin - attempt to cut off western influence - Berlin Airlift foils plans .Berlin Blockade:
Controversial USSR premier Follows Stalins (1953-1964), criticizes Stalin's policies, foreign policy brings USSR-USA to brink of war .Nikita Khrushchev:
Both USSR_USA push for weapons w/ larger payload, longer/more accurate trajectory, larger quantity .nuclear arms race:
Deterrent policy in which neither USA-USSR would use nukes, because they would likewise be annihilated .mutually assured destruction:
Initially countries neither in US or Soviet bloc, now it is those developing countries in Africa, Asia, L. America .Third World:
Ideology that dominated 1950s/1960s, if one nations goes communist, neighboring countries would likewise turn Communist .domino theory:
October 1956 hundreds of thousands Hungarian protesters put down by Soviet govt - leads to drop in support for Marxist ideas .Soviet invasion of Hungary:
Overthrows Cuban gov't, believed too much of Cuban nation controlled by foreign interests, adopts Communist-state-controlled/nationalized economy ."Fidel Castro and Cuban Revolution":
Failed attempt by US supported/trained Cuban exiles to overthrow Castro, failure embarasses US - increases Cuban-US tension .Bay of Pigs:
1968 policy - no Soviet Bloc country can try to break free from Warsaw Pact - control of Soviets .Brezhnev Doctrine:
China breaks from USSR, Mao wants more control/become Superpower also, mutual preservation from other's aggression .Sino-Soviet Split:
Term for reduction in tension between USA - USSR between 1960 and 1980s .détente:
Failed attempt by USSR to take over Afghanistan - expense/negative public reaction hurt USSR communists - US supported Afghan guerillas ."Afghan War":
1958 - first attempt to unite W. European countries economically .European Coal and Steel Community:
"First president of France's 5th Republic - Gaullism - independence from international world - withdraws from NATO - pushed for social welfare" .Charles de Gaulle:
"More pro-West w/ policies, president France 1981-1995" ."Francois Mitterand":
"German Chancellor 1982-1998 - worked w/ Mitterand on European Union - like Thatcher/Reagan - wanted to lower taxes, encourage initiative - conservative" .Helmut Kohl:
"following WWII - nations pushed to be free of European control - Europe focused on own issues, allowed decolonization at varying degrees - based on settler population" .decolonization:
Created by: mahmoudt