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RELS 108 Test 1

Religion -Deals with the divine -Includes rituals, a connection to a higher power -communal -daily morals and practices -a set of beliefs
Religion (Teacher's Definition) A set of beliefs and practices, grounded in a community's experience of the holy, that accommodates various needs
Spirituality Individual belief/experience in a higher power
Religious Studies -Descriptive Discipline (gather info about multiple religious traditions) -Try to see religion from the POV of the believer GOAL!!!!!: To understand religions -Done in a neutral setting of the universe -No proving or disproving of faith
Theology -Talk about God, done by believers -Studying it in a biased setting (a community of faith)(positive bias, biased towards religion) -GOAL!!!!!:To deepen your faith -Secondary GOAL!!!!: Defend the faith
Religious Studies Methodology Step 1:Put your beliefs on the shelf Step 2:Enter into religion you're studying Try some of their practices Interview people in the faith, etc. Read the scriptures Step 3:Jump out of visiting religion, pick up your beliefs and compare the two reli
Empathy -Used in religious studies -Try to walk in another person's shoes -Try to enter into experience of another person
Religious Language Humanly created, highly metaphorical language that arises out of a community's experience of the divine.
Metaphor Comparison of two unlike things (ex. World is a vampire, Happiness is a Warm Gun, All the World's a Stage -Metaphorical language is multivalent (can be interpreted in multiple ways)
Limits on Metaphorical Language 1. Interpretation must make sense 2. Interpretation must fit with the established religious tradition
Symbols Something that stands for something else (ex. VCU Ram: charge ahead, stubborn; Religious Symbols: Star of David-God's Covenant w/ Israel, Cross- Jesus' death and Resurrection, Hindu-Neti Neti- God is neither this nor that
Rituals Repeated action, that is often symbolic (ex. shaking hands, prayer, baptism)
Deep Metaphors Metaphors that are believed to be hardwired into your brain Everyone interprets data through 7 deep metaphors: 1. Balance 2. Transformation 3. Journey 4. Container 5. Connection 6. Resource 7. Control
Deep Metaphors: Balance, Transformation, Journey Balance- Expresses equilibrium, imbalance, and ideas of fairness Transformation- Expresses change Journey- Expresses connection between past, present, and future
Deep Metaphors: Control, Container, Connection, and Resource Control- Expresses mastery and vulnerability Container- Expresses boundaries, either trapping or protecting you Connection- Expresses feelings of relationship and belonging Resource- Anything larger than self that enhances life
Concretism Set in concrete- Permanent, does not move/change -When religious myths, rituals, etc. is not allowed to change -Whatever used in past must still be used -Fear- if you change the tradition, meaning will be lost
Literalism You only read the surface level of writing -Ex. God as father- God as the father begets Jesus (metaphorical meanings- protector, provider, love, teacher, discipline)
Created by: 505976937



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