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Med Term TestCh2

Anabolism Process of building up complex materials from simple materials
Catabolism Process of breaking down complex materials to form simpler substances and release energy
Cell membrane Structure surrounding the protecting the cell
Chromosomes Rod-shaped structures in the nucleus that contains genes
Cytoplasm All material that is outside the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane
DNA Chemical found within each chromosome that directs that activities of the cell
Endoplasmic reticulum Structure within the cytoplasm in which anabolism takes place
Genes Regions of DNA within each chromosome
Karyotype Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell
Metabolism Total of chemical processes in a cell
Mitochondria Structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy.
Nucleus Control center of the cell
Adipose tissue Collection of fat cells
Cartilage Flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints
Epithelial cells Skin cells that cover the external body surface and line the internal surfaces of organs
Histologist Specialist in the study of tissues
Larynx "Voice box"
Pharynx Throat
Pituitary gland Endocrine gland at the base of the brain
Thyroid gland Endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck
Trachea "Windpipe": tube leading from the throat to the bronchial tubes
Ureters Two tubes leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder
Urethra tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
Uterus The womb that holds the embryo as it develops
Viscera Internal organs
Abdominal cavity Abdomen - space below the chest containing liver, stomach, gall bladder and intestine
Cranial cavity Space in the head containing the brain and surround by the skull
Cranial pertaining to the skull
Diaphragm Muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
Dorsal Pertaining to the back
Posterior Pertaining to the back
Mediastinum Centrally located space between the lungs
Pelvic cavity Space below the abdomen containing portions of intestines, rectum, urinary bladder and reproductive organs
Pelvic P/t the pelvis
Peritoneum Double layered membrane surrounding the abdominal organs
Pleura Double layered membrane surrounding each lung
Pleural cavity Space between the pleural membranes
Spinal cavity Space within the spinal column (backbones) and containing the spinal cord
Another name for spinal cavity Spinal canal
Thoracic cavity Space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus and other organs
Ventral Pertaining to the front
Anterior Pertaining to the front
Hypochondriac [right and left upper] Regions beneath the ribs
Epigastric [middle upper] Region above the stomach
Lumbar [right and left middle] Regions near the waist
Umbilical [central] Region pertaining to near the navel
Inguinal [right and left lower] Regions near the groin
Another name for inguinal iliac
hypogastric [middle lower] Region pertaining to below the stomach
Cervical pertaining to the neck
thoracic pertaining to the chest
lumbar pertaining to the lower back
sacral pertaining to the sacrum
coccygeal pertaining to the coccyx (tailbone)
vertebra Single backbone
Vertebrae Backbones
Spinal column Bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
Spinal cord Nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
Disk (disc) Pad of cartilage between vertebrae
Ventral Front surface of the body
Deep Away from the surface
Distal pertaining to far away
Frontal plane Vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions
Another name for frontal plane Coronal plane
Another name for inferior Caudal
Inferior Pertaining to the tail or lower portion of the body
Lateral p/t the side
medial p/t the middle
Prone Lying on the belly
Proximal near the attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
sagittal plane plane p/t lengthwise
Superficial On the surface
Another name for sagittal Lateral
Superior p/t the head or above another structure
Another name for superior Cephalic
Supine Lying on back
transverse Horizontal plane diving the body
Abdomin- Abdomen
Adip- Fat
Anter- Front
Bol- To cast (throw)
Cervic- neck
Chondr- Cartilage
Chrom- Color
Coccyg- Coccyx
Crani- Skull
Cyt- Cell
Dist- Far, distant
Dors- back portion of the body
hist- tissue
ili- ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
inguin- groin
kary- nucleus
later- side
lumb- lower back
medi- middle
nucle- nucleus
pelv- pelvis, hip region
poster- back, behind
proxim- nearest
sacr- sacrum
sarc- flesh
spin- spine, backbone
thel- nipple
thorac- chest
trache- trachea
umbilic- navel, umbilicus
ventr- belly side of the body
vertebr- backbone
viscer- internal organs
ana- up
cata- down
epi- above
hypo- below
inter- between
meta- change
-eal pertaining to
-iac pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ism process, condition
-ose pertaining to, full of
-plasm formation
-somes bodies
-type picture, classification
Created by: jpalao