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DSST World Religions

Absolutist Someone who holds rigid, literal, exclusive belief in the doctrines of their religion.
Agnosticism The belief that if there is anything beyond this life, it is impossible for humans to know it.
Atheism Belief that there is no deity.
Ascetic A person who practices extreme self-discipline in order to develop spiritually.
Canon Authoritative collection of writings, works, etc., applying to a particular religion or author.
Charisma A rare personal magnetism, often ascribed to a founder of a religion.
Conversion A change in one’s religious direction by adopting a new belief.
Creed A formal statement of the beliefs of a particular religion.
Cult Any religion that focuses on worship of a particular person or deity and viewed as strange or what may be considered dangerous
Denomination A comprehensive scheme, plan or conception.
Dogma A system of beliefs declared to be true by a religion.
Eschatology Beliefs about the end of the world and of humanity.
Exegesis Critical examination of a religious text.
Fasting Abstaining from food as part of a spiritual discipline.
Fundamentalism Describes a group of people who try to live by a strict and literal interpretation of scripture. Insistence on what people perceive as the historical form of their religion, in contrast to more contemporary influences.
Heaven In many religious traditions, the home of God or the gods and the place where the good will go when they die.
Hell A place or state of eternal torment reserved for the wicked.
Heretic A member of an established religion whose views are unacceptable to the orthodoxy.
Incarnation Physical embodiment of the divine.
Inclusivism The idea that all religions can be accommodated within one religion.
Liberal Flexible in approach to religious tradition; inclined to see it as metaphorical rather than literal truth.
Monasticism The religious traition of withdrawing from the world to devote oneself to prayer and meditation.
Monotheistic Believing in a single God.
Mysticism People who use their own spiritual experiences to interpret scripture. They seek a personal encounter with the supernatural to guide them.
Occult Involving the mysterious, unseen, supernatural.
Orthodox Adhering to the established tradition of a religion.
New Age A loose collection of religious movements dating from the 1960’s, that mixes Eastern and Western spiritual traditions, and focuses on the healing energies of the natural world.
Pilgrimage A journey to a sacred place.
Pantheism The belief that everything in the universe is divine
Parable An allegorical story.
Penance An act of self-punishment to atone for wrongdoings.
Pluralism An appreciation of the diversity of religions.
Reincarnation Rebirth of the soul into a new body after death of the old body.
Repentance Turning away from wrongdoing, expressing sorrow for sins, and resolving to do better.
Ritual A repeated, patterned religious act.
Sect A sub-group within a larger tradition.
Sacred The realm of the extraordinary, beyond everyday perceptions, the supernatural, holy.
Transcendent Existing outside the material universe.
Theistic Believing in a God or gods.
Symbol Visible representation of an invisible reality or concept.
Syncretism A form of religion in which otherwise differing traditions are blended.
Santeria The combination of African and Christian practices which developed in Cuba.
Sin The breaking of holy laws.
Secularism The modern tendency to separate religion from everyday life and to see values and rules for living as taken from the experience in this world, not from divine revelation.
Apocrypha Books that are not part of the official canon of scripture, but which are still considered sacred.
Deity God or object of worship
Hermeneutics The bias or method of interpretation that we bring to the interpretation of scriptures.
Religion A system of belief that includes sacred stories, doctrines, rituals, ethics and a moral code and that attempts to connect people with the sacred
Scripture The sacred writings of a religion that are considered authoritative, because people read scripture to learn what is right and wrong.
Apologetics The use of theology to defend a religion.
Doctrine A statement or teaching about the beliefs of a religion. It is based on sacred scripture and cannot be proven.
Norms The standards of behavior for a religion.
Theology The study of the divine
Theologian A person who studies the divine.
Humanism The belief that people are basically good and can save themselves.
Materialism The belief that nothing exists apart from matter.
Created by: pinetreeacademy
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