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MEDICAL LANG CH. 2

The Body in Health

QuestionAnswer
abdominal cavity cavity that is surrounded by the diaphragm superiorly, the abdominal wall anteriorly, and the spinal column posteriorly
abdominopelvic cavity continuous cavity formed by the abdominal and pelvic cavities
anatomical position standard position for the purpose of study, body is erect, hands by side with palms forward, legs and toes pointing forward
anatomy the study of the structure of the human body and its parts
anterior front of the body, an organ or a structure
anteroposterior anterior section and the posterior section of the body
blood includes blood cells and plasma. transports oxygen and nutrients to the cells, carbon dioxide to the lungs and wastes to the kidneys
body system a way to study the body according to its structures and how they function
cardiology medical specialty that deals with the cardiovascular system
cardiovascular system body systems that includes the heart, arteries, veins and capillaries. it circulates the blood throughout the body
caudad toward the tail bone
cavity hollow space surrounded by bones or muscles and containing organs and other structures
cell smallest independently functioning structure in the body that can reproduce itself by division
cephalad toward the head
coronal plane plane that divides the body into the front and back sections, anterior and posterior, it is also known as the FRONTAL PLANE
cranial cavity cavity in the head that is surrounded by the bony cranium and contains the brain, cranial nerves, and other structures
dentistry medical specialty that deals with the teeth and gums
dermatology medical specialty that deals with the integumentary system
dietetics medical specialty that deals with nutrition, nutrients, foods, and diet
distal pertaining to away from the point of origin of an arm or leg (going the distance)
dorsal pertaining to the posterior of the body, particularly the back, lying on the back is being in the dorsal or DORSAL SUPINE position (dorsal fin on the back of a shark)
endocrine system body system that includes the pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, thymus, pancreas, adrenal glands, ovaries, and testes. it produces and secretes hormones into the blood that direct the activities of the body
endocrinology medical specialty that deals with the endocrine system
epigastric region region on the surface of the abdominopelvic area, it is superior to the umbilical region and between the right and left hypochondriac regions
external pertaining to the outer, superficial surface of the body, and organ or other structure
gastroenterology medical specialty that deals with the gastrointestinal system
gastrointestinal system body system that includes the mouth, teeth, tongue, salivary glands, pharynx(throat), esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. It digests food, absorbs nutrients into the blood, and excretes undigested wastes
genital pertaining to the male or female genitalia
geriatrics medical specialty that deals with older adults
gynecology medical specialty that deals with the female genital system
health state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being
hematology medical specialty that deals with the blood
hypochondriac regions left and right regions on the surface of the abdominopelvic area, they are inferior to the ribs
hypogastric region region on the surface of the abdominopelvic area, it is inferior to the umbilical region and between the right and left inguinal regions
immunology medical specialty that deals with the lymphatic system and the immune response
inferior pertaining to the lower part of the body, and organ or a structure
inguinal regions left and right regions on the surface of the abdominopelvic area, they are inferior to the lumbar regions. They are also known as the ILIAC REGIONS
integumentary system body system that includes the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glands. It receives sensory information for the sensations of pain, touch, and temperature. It protects the internal organs from infection and trauma
internal pertaining to the inside of the body, an organ or structure
lateral pertaining to the side of the body, and organ or a structure
lumbar regions left and right regions on the surface of the abdominopelvic area, they are on either side of the umbilical region
lymphatic system body system that includes the lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, lymph fluid, spleen, thymus, and white blood cells. It recognizes and destroys disease-causing organisms and abnormal cells
Created by: nolanmama06