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HAM 6th Unit 9 cards

Mr. Stickler's HAM 6th Grade "Ancient Greece" cards (Unit 9).

What is an "acropolis"? This is a "fortified hill where the people could take refuge in time of attack." (Pg. 285)
What is the definition of a "city - state"? These are "independently ruled cities plus the land surrounding them". (Pg. 285 & 645)
What is a "polis"? "A citizen - state of Ancient Greece." (Pg. 648)
How were people from Sparta different than people from Athens? These people were more "warrior - like". Their culture was centered on learning to fight and on improving their physical strength. They did not care much for art or leisure time!
How were people from Athens different than people from Sparta? These people put most of their time and effort into learning and the arts (like painting and creating sculptures). They focused a lot on the world around them (nature).
What was farming like for Ancient Greeks? This was very tough for Greeks to do! The land was rocky and very hilly. Not many things grew there. Rains washed the soil away during the winter. This makes the hilly lands poor choices for growing crops. (Pg. 246)
What were the two crops that Ancient Greeks did get to grow in their rocky soil? They got olive trees and grape vines to grow well here. (Pg. 246)
What two seas surround the island of Greece? The Aegean Sea and the Ionian Sea. (Map, pg. 242)
What was the name of the first civilization to develop on the mainland of Greece? Mycenaean civilization developed here first. (Pg. 243)
In Ancient Greece, Athena was the goddess of ____________________. She was the goddess of wisdom. (Pg. 251)
In Ancient Greece, Zeus was the god of _____________________. He was the god of justice. (Pg. 251)
What two words does the Greek word "philosophy" come from? It comes from the word "philo", meaning "love" and the word "sophia" meaning "wisdom". (Pg. 253)
Who was Homer? He was "a renowned poet of ancient Greece believed to have composed the "Iliad" and the "Odyssey". (PG. 646)
Who was the archaeologist who excavated the site of the ancient city of Troy? Heinrich Schliemann excavated here. He found the ruins of 9 cities built on top of each other. (Pg. 256)
Why did the Ancient Greeks hold olympic games? They held these to honor the god Zeus. (Pg. 257)
Which Greek scholar is known as the "father of history"? Herodotus is known as this. He wrote a book called "Histories" based on interviews with people from other cultures. (Pg. 260)
How were Ancient Greek "citizen - states" run? These places were run by citizens who often wrote constitutions and used some form of elected government. (Pg. 261)
Which three groups of people were not considered "citizens" and could not participate in Greek government? The groups who could not participate were women, "foreigners", and slaves. (Pgs. 263 & 264)
What does the phrase "Classical civilization" mean to historians? It refers to civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome between about 500 B.C.E. and 500 C.E. (Pg. 279)
Who was Pericles? He was a "general, democrat, statesman, builder" and leader of Athens during the Golden Age (5th century B.C.E.) (Pg. 310 & 311)
What did Pericles do that made it easier for people from all "walks of life" to participate in government? He created salaries for public officials so people without any money could still serve in office. (Pg. 312)
What is the job of the Ten Generals in Athenian government? These people are the chief officials of the city - state. They command the army and navy, defend Athens, and lead troops into battle. (Pg. 314)
Name two of the three (3) Greek playwrights whose tragedies still survive today. ("Playwrights" are people who create plays that are done on a stage.) The three playwrights are Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. (Pg. 321)
Which cities or countries fought during the Peloponnesian War? The two (2) cities that fought each other were Athens and Sparta. (Pgs. 328 - 330)
Who was Alexander the Great and what made him famous? He was the son of Philip II of Macedonia. He became ruler when Philip was killed. He took and army conquered countries in Asia including India and Mesopotamia. He also conquered the Persian Empire. (Pgs. 338 & 339)
Who was Socrates and what is an example of a question he might ask? He was an Ancient Greek philosopher. A question he would asked is, "What is the right way to live?" (Pg. 331)
What is a "monarchy"? (HINT: Aristotle gave the word its definition.) This is "rule by one person". (Pg. 336)
What is "polity"? This is called "democracy" today. It means "rule by many". (Pg. 336)
What is an "aristocracy"? This is "rule by a few individuals". (Pg. 336)
Which battle was the movie "300" based on? This was based on the Battle of Thermopylae. (Pg. 307)
The Battles of Salamis and Thermopylae were both fought during what war? These two battle were fought during the Persian War. (Pg. 299 - 309)
Created by: sticklerpjpII