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Yvania's

chapt 22

QuestionAnswer
analgesic** relieves pain
anaphylactic shock life- threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food/drugs. hypotension,cyanosis(use a epi pen)
bacteriostatic STOPPING/ CONTROLLING bacteria growth
buccal medication** meds placed in mouth next to CHEEK
chemical name description of the chemical structure of the drug, hospital formaulary w/formula diagram
chemotherapy** srugs used in treatment of certain nfections &cancer
contraindication symptom use of drug is dangerous, not advised, not safe for administration
controlled substances drugs have a potential abuse. I-V
controlled substances act fed law concerned w/ meanufacture, distribution, dispensing of controoled substances
cumulation** (cumulative) drug levels begins to accumulate, repeated doses because drug is not out of body before another dose
drug enforcement administration enforces controlled substances act, aka DEA
first-dose effect undesired effect w/in 30-90 min after first dose
food & drug administration administering & enforcing food,drug, and cosmetic act, aka FDA
food, drug, and cosmetic act regulates quality, purity, potency, effectiveness, safety of food drug and cosmetic
generic name first manutactured, 17 yrs to use
hospital formulary** reference book in pharmacy, info on drugs
idiosyncrasy** unusual, inappropriate response to a drug, life threatening
contraindication symptom use of drug is dangerous, not advised, not safe for administration
controlled substances drugs have a potential abuse. I-V
controlled substances act fed law concerned w/ meanufacture, distribution, dispensing of controoled substances
inhalation medication** med is sprayed or breathed, INHAILER, nose throat & lungs
initial dose first dose
intradermal medication** med inserted just beneath the dermis
local effect response(to a med) specific area
maintainese dose dose of med to keep concentration in bloodstream @desired level, ex: birthcontrol
package insert INFO LEAFLET, fda requires drug gen name, adverse effects, dosage FINE PRINT
parenteral medication** any route administration not involves gastrointestinal tract, topical, inhalation, injection
pharmacodynamics STUDY of drugs interact in the human body
pharmacology FIELD specializes in the study of drugs
physicians' desk reference** reference book
potency strength
potentiation** effect of two drugs administered together produce a more powerful response
route of administration method of intro a med into body
side effect additional effect was not part of goal for the med. nausea
subcutaneous medication** med injected into subcutaneous later or fatty tissue of skin: anesthetics, insulin, horomones
sublingual medication** med placed under the tongue, dissolves in saliva
systemic effect generalized response to a drug by the body
therapeutic dose dose achieves desired effect
tolerance** decreased response to effect of a drug after repeated
topical medication** med given DIRECTLY TO THE SKIN/ mucous membrane
trade name brand name
transdermal** applying drug to UNBROKEN SKIN, produces a systemic effect.
Created by: geegad