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Anatomy Root Words

QuestionAnswer
a-/an- not, absence, lack
ab- away from
acr- tip, peak, extremity
ad- to, toward
adeno- gland
alb- white
-algia pain
ambi-, amphi- both sides, both kinds
ana- apart
ante- before, preceeding
anti- against, inhibiting
anthro- joint
auto- self
axillary armpit
bi- two
bio- life
blast-, -blast germ, seed
brachi- arm
brady- slow
bronchi- windpipes
bucco- cheek
cauda- tail
cephalo-, cranio- head
cerebro- brain
chloro- green
chole- bile
chondro- cartilage
chromo- color
circum- around
co-, con- with, together
coel- hollow
contra- against, opposite
cost- rib
crypt- hidden, obscure
cyto-, -cyte cell
cyst- bladder, sac
de-, des- from, lost
dent- tooth
derm- skin
dextro- right side
di-, diplo- twice, double
dia- through, between
-duct lead
e-, ec-, ex-, ef- out of, from
ecto- outside of
-ella dimunitives, i.e. indicate the structure is small
-ium dimunitives, i.e. indicate the structure is small
-olus dimunitives, i.e. indicate the structure is small
-olum dimunitives, i.e. indicate the structure is small
-culus dimunitives, i.e. indicate the structure is small
-culum dimunitives, i.e. indicate the structure is small
-cule dimunitives, i.e. indicate the structure is small
-cle dimunitives, i.e. indicate the structure is small
-emia condition of blood
en-, em-, endo- in, inside
entero- intestine
epi- over, upon
eu- well, good, true
ex-, extra- beyond body walls, additional
-fer-, -ferent carry
fil- hair
gastr- stomach
gen-, gene- producing, coming to be
glob- ball
-glosso- tongue
haplo- simple, single
hema-, hemato-, hemo- blood
hemi- half
hepato- liver
hetero- different, other
histo- tissue
holo- whole, entire
homeo- same, alike
humor body fluid
hydro- water
hyper- excessive, above
hypo- beneath, deficient
idio- unknown
im-/in- not or within
infra- below
inguinal groin
inter- between
intra-, intro- within, into
iso- same, equal
-itis inflammation
kerat- cornea or horny tissue
lact- milk
leuco-, leuk- white
lev- left side
lipo- fat
-logy study of
-lysis break up
melan- black
macro-, megalo- large
-malacia softening
media middle
mental, mentum chin
meso- in the middle
meta- subsequent to, after
micro- small
mito- thread, filament
mono- single part
mort- death
-morph- form, shape
myo- muscle
necro- dead
nema- thread
neo- new, recent
nephro- kidney
neuro- nerve
nom-, -onomy name
o- egg, ova
oo- egg, ova
ov- egg, ova
ovar- egg, ova
oophor- egg, ova
-oid resembles
oligo- few
-oma tumor
ortho- straight
-osis abnormal state
osse- bone
ost- bone
osteo- bone
-ostomy surgery creating opening
-otomy cutting operation
-tomy cutting operation
-ectomy cutting operation
para- beside, near
pariet- wall
path- disease
-pathy disease
ped- child
-penia deficiency
peri- around
phago- eat
-phile affinity for, love
phleb- vein
-phobia fear
photo- light
-phragm membrane
pilus hair
-plasty reconstruction surgery
poly- many
post- after, behind
pre- before
pro- before
procto- rectum, anus
proto- first
pseudo- false
psych- mind
-ptosis downward displacement
pulmo- lung
retro- backward, behind
-rhage, -rhea flow
re-, retro- again, turn back, turn again
ren- kidney
rhin- nose
sapro- dead
sarc- flesh, muscular substance
scler- hard
semi- half
septa- wall
septic- presence of pathogens
soma-, somato- body
-stasis stop, arrest, stand
steno- narrow
stom- mouth
sub- under
super-, supra- above, over, upon
sym-, syn- together
tachy- rapid
-taxis movement
tel-, telo- far, distant, end
tetra- four
-tom, tomy cut
trans- across, through
trich- hair, hair-like
-troph nourishment, growth
vaso- vessel
villi- shaggy
visco- sticky
zoo- animal
zygo- join, unite
Created by: lovezchoclabs