Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

S. Anat1

General plan of the Body

QuestionAnswer
Anatomy Study of body structure
Physiology Study of body function
Pathophysiology Study of disorders of Function
Levels of Organization (3) Simple, Basic, Complex
Chemical Atoms and compounds
Body Chemical Types (2) Organic and Non-organic
Organic chemicals contain Carbon AND Hydrogen
Inorganic chemicals contain Everything other than Carbon and Hydrogen
Cells Smallest living unit
How many groups of tissue? Four
What are the groups of tissue Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nerve
Connective Tissue Connect and support parts of the body, transport and store
Muscle Tissue contraction of motility, peristalsis, gland secretion, etc.
Nerve Tissue Generate and transmit electochemical impulses
Epithelial Covers or lines the body surfaces
Organ Group of tissues that work together to perform a specific funtion.
Organ System A group of organs that work to perform a function
Organ Systmes (11) Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Circulatory, Lymphatic, Respiratory, Digestive, Urinary, Reproductive.
Organism All body funtions contributing to a living being
Metabolism All of the chemical reactions and physical processes that take place in the body
Metabolism origin Greek: Change
Metablolic Rate speed at which the body produces energy and heat
Homeostasis Remaining mostly stable in an unstable environment
pH of Blood 7.35-7.45
pH Stands for Parts hydrogen
pH means hydrogen concentration acid/alkaline (basic) balance
Negative Feedback Reversal of a function brought by monitoring the results of a function
Negative Feedback example Heater kicks on to compensate for the temperature drop, until the temperature meets the setting
Positive Feedback Enhancement of a function
Positive Feedback example Childbirth: cervix stretches, oxytocin releases by anterior pituitary, incresed utering contraction, more stretching of the cervix, more oxytocin, etc--Snowball effect
Anatomic Position Standing arms to the side with palms facing forward.
Axillary Armpit
Brachial Arm (upper arm)
Buccal Cheek (NOT mouth)
Oral Mouth (inside)
Cardiac Heart
Cervical Neck
Cranial Skull (back of head)
Cutaneous Skin
Deltoid Shoulder (muscle NOT joint)
Femoral Thigh (front and back)
Gastric Stomach
Gluteal Butt
Hepatic Liver
Iliac Ilium (pelvis NOT hip)
Iguinal Front of the hip/abdomanal area (NOT groin)
Lumbar Lower back (above ribs, below pelvis)
Mammary Breasts
Nasal Nose
Occipital Back of the skull (bone and lobe)
Orbital Eye
Parietal Side of skull above the ear more toward top (bone and lobe)
Patellar Knee cap
Pectoral Chest
Perineal Plevic floor (episiotomy area)
Plantar Sole of foot
Popliteal Back of knee (knee pit)
Pulmonary Lungs
Renal Kidney
Sacral Triangle at base of spine
Temporal Skull area around ear (NOT "temple")
Umbilical Navel
Volar (palmar) Palm
Superior Above, higher The heart is _____ to the liver
Inferior Below, lower The liver is ______ to the lungs
Anterior Toward front The chest is on the ______ side of the body
Posterior Toward back The lumbar area is _____ to the umbilical area.
Ventral Toward Front The mammary area is on the ______ side of the body.
Dorsal Toward Back The buttocks area is on the ______ side of the body.
Medial Toward midline The heart is _____ to the lungs
Lateral Away from midline The shoulder is ____ to the neck.
Internal Within, interior The brain is _____ to the skull
External Outside, external Tge ribs are _____ to the lungs
Superficial Toward surface The skin is the most _____ organ.
Deep Within, interior The _____ veins of the legs ar surrounded by muscles.
Central Main part The brain is part of the _____ nervous system.
Peripheral Extending from main part Nerves in the arm are part of the _______ nervous system.
Proximal Closer to the origin THe knee is ______ to the foot.
Distal Away from th origin The palm is _____ to the elbow.
Parietal Pertaining to wall of cavity (lines) The _______ pleura lines the chest cavity.
Vesceral Pertaining to organs within cavity (covers) The _____ pleura covers the lungs.
2 Major Body Cavites Dorsal and Ventral
Dorsal Cavity includes Cranial and Spinal
Cranial Cavity includes Skull: brain
Spinal Cavity includes Spinal column: spinal cord, meninges
Ventral Cavity includes Thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities
Thoracic Cavity includes Heart and lungs
Pleural Membranes Serous membrans of the thoracic cavity Secrete serous fluid (water) for lubrication to reduce friction.
Parietal Pleura Lines chest wall
Visceral Pleura Covers Lungs
Pericardial Membranes No wall surrounds heart, but it does have a pericardial sac
Parietal Pericardium Lines pericardial sac
Visceral Pericardium Covers the heart
Abdominal Cavity includes Liver, stomach, intestines, etc.
Parietal Peritoneum Lines abdominal wall
Messentery Continuation of peritoneum that covers the abdominal organs (visceral peritoneum)
Pelvic Cavity includes Bladder, reproductive organs, colon, rectum, uterus, prostate...Below pelvic rim...Covered by mesentery NOT lined by peritoneum
Section Cut of a body part virtual or literal
Plane Imaginary flat surface that separates two portions
Frontal (coronal) Separates front and back
Saggital Separates right and left
Transvers Seeparates upper and lower
Cross-Section Perpindicular to long axis of a structure
Longitudical Plane along the long axis of a structure
Quadrants RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, LLQ
LLQ Left lower quadrant
RLQ Right lower quadrant
LUQ Left upper quadrant
RUQ Right upper quadrant
Nine Regions (top-bottom, right-left) Right hypochondriac region, Epigastric region, Left hypichondrica region, Right lumbar region, Umbilical region, Left lumbar region, Right iliac region, Hypogastric region, Left iliac region
Simplest level of organization chemical
Examples of organic chemicals carbohydrates, fats, protein, nucleic acid
Examples of inorganic chemicals oxygen, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, calcium, iron
The most complex level of organization organ system
The simplest living level or organization cellular
Tissue cells with similar structure are grouped together
Organ group of tissue that is arranged in a particular way
Covers or lines the surface Epithelial tissue
The lining of the stomach and the epidermis of the skin Epithelial tissue
Supports transports and stores material Connective tissue
Bone and blood Connective tissue
Contracts and brings about movement Muscle tissue
The heart and skeletal muscle Muscle tissue
Transmits nerve impulses that regulate body function Nerve tissue
Spinal cord and brain nerve tissue
Where do changes that effect the body take place internal or external
Lined with meninges Cranial cavity OR Spinal cavity
Contains the brain Cranial cavity
Lined with parietal pluera Thoracic cavity
Contains the heard and lungs Thoracic cavity
The inferior boundry to tge diaphragm Thoracic cavity
COntains the spinal cord Spinal cavity
Contains the internal reproductive organs and urinary bladder Pelvic Cavity
Lined with peritoneum Abdominal cavity
THe superior boundry to the diaphragm Abdominal cavity
Contains the liver and the pancreas Abdomnal cavity
Created by: Sarsileigh