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Unit 1 Review

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QuestionAnswer
Synagogue comes from the Greek word for "assembly"; three main purposes: serve as a house of prayer where scriptures were read and Yahweh was worshiped, a place of discussion for legal settlements, and a local school
Temple center of religious life in the capital; where the Jews offered sacrifice to God and believed He dwelled in a special way
Pesah another word for Passover, the most important Jewish feast because it celebrated the Chosen People's liberation from Egypt
Pentecost a feast held fifty days after Passover, means "fiftieth," celebrated Yahweh's giving of the Law to Moses (Sinai covenant)
Gentiles anyone who was not a Jew, nations of those not circumcised
Proselytes Gentiles who converted to Judaism
"God-fearers" Gentiles who accepted many Jewish beliefs but did not undergo circumcision
Evangelist a person who proclaims the Good News of Jesus Christ (authors of the four Gospels)
Testament a word meaning "covenant," the open-ended contract of love between God and human beings
Hesed Jewish term for "God's loving kindness"
Epistle apostolic letters to communities and individuals in the New Testament
Kerygma this was preached to unbelievers, a basic outline of Jesus' works, deaths, resurrection, and ascension
Didache this teaching was really further catechetical instruction for those who accepted Jesus
Catechesis the process of religious instruction and formation in the major elements of the Catholic faith
Koine common Greek, the language spoken by the ordinary people, the international language of the Roman Empire; all 27 books of the New Testament were written in this language
Synoptic the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are known as this because of their similarities, means "seen together"
Q an abbreviation for Quelle
M name for the approximate four hundred verses or verse fragments in the Gospel of Matthew that are not present in the Gospel of Mark or Q, which are unique to Matthew
L specific material found in the Gospel of Luke that is unique to the Gospel
Quelle common source of sayings of Jesus used by the evangelists Matthew and Luke in the composition of their Gospels
Vulgate means "common," St. Jerome's translation of the entire Bible into Latin, became the Church's official translation of the Bible from the original languages
Targum Aramaic paraphrases that the Scriptures were translated into when the sacred Hebrew texts were read aloud in the synagogues
INRI an abbreviation on a crucifix that stands for Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudeorum, translates to "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews"
Dogma a doctrine or teaching of the highest authority
Incarnation a core Catholic teaching that the son of God took on human flesh in the person of Jesus Christ
Magisterium the official teaching authority of the church that resides in the pope and the bishops in communion with Him
Canon the official list of the inspired books of the Bible, Catholics list 46 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books
Christ a title given for Jesus that means "anointed one," translates to the Hebrew word for Messiah
Son of God Old Testament sometimes referred the children and kings of Israel as "sons of God," Christians believe that Jesus was the one and only Son of God and that he shares the same divine nature as God the Father
Lord a title for Jesus which translate the Greek word kurios which rendered the Hebrew word for God, calling Jesus "Lord" is to call him God
Messiah Hebrew word translates to the Greek word Christos (Christ) which literally means "anointed one"
Gospel "good news," refers to the good news preached by Jesus, the good news of salvation won for us in the person of Jesus Christ, and the four written records of the good news (Gospels)
Divine Revelation God's self communication whereby he makes known the mystery of his divine plan, He most fully revealed himself when he sent His own Son, Jesus
Created by: 13acobio
 

 



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