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Heather Taylor

Chapter 3 bonwit

Antiseptic A substance that kills disease-producing microorganisms but not thier spores.An antiseptic is ususally applied to living tissue
Autoclave An apparatus for the sterilization of meterials,using steam under pressure.
Contaminate To soil,stain, or pollute; make impure.
Critical item An item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or the vascular system.
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove or destory pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting disease; this makes the item safe to handle
Detergent An agent that cleanes by emulsifying dirt and oil.
Disinfectant An agent used to destory pathogens microorganisms but not their spores.Disinfectant are usually applied to inanimate objects.
Hazardous Chemical Any chemical that persons a threat to the health and safety of an indivdual coming into contact with it.
Incubate To provide proper conditions for growth and development.
Load The articles that are being strilized.
Material saftey data sheet (MSDS) A sheet that provides information regrading a chemical, its hazards,and meausures to take prevent injury and illness when handling the chemical.
Noncritical item An item that comes into contact with intact skin, nbut not mucous membranes.
Sanitization A process to remove organic matter from an article and to reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level as determined by public health requiremnets.
Semicritical item An item that come into contact with nonintact skin or intact mucous membranes.
Spore A hard, thick-walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacterial cell.
Sterilization The process of destroying all forms of microbial life, including bacterial spores.
Thermolabile Easily affected or changed by heat.
Created by: heathertaylor