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Q&E Medical Terms 5

Chapter 5

Tissue Groups of cells that form the same basic activity
Connective, Epithelial, Muscular, Nervous The four main types of tissues
Distal Far or distance from the origin or point of attachment
Thoracic Pertaining to the chest
Peritoneum The membrane that lines the abdomen cavity and invests the internal organs
Laparoscopy Endoscopic examination of the abdomen
Omphalocele Congenital hernia of the naval
Cephalad Toward the head
Acrodermatitis Inflammation of the skin of the arms and legs
Hydrophobia Another name for rabies
Sialography Radiography of the ducts of the salivary glands
Hidrosis Excessive sweating
Hematoma A localized collection of blood in organ, space, or tissue that results from a rupture in the wall of a blood vessel
Anemia A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, hemoglobin, or both
Leukopenia A deficiency of white blood cells
Lymph The fluid found in a lymphatic vessel
Mucous Resembling mucus
Hidradenitis Inflammation of the sweat gland
Anteromedian A term that means front and toward the middle
Posteroanterior From the back to the front
Ventral Belly surface
Superior Uppermost or situated above
Proximal Position of structures that are nearest their origin or point of attachment
Cranial This body cavity contains the brain
Abdominocentesis A surgical procedure that is performed to remove excess fluid from the abdominal cavity or to inject a therapeutic agent
Omphalic & Umbilical Pertaining to the naval
Thoracentesis Surgical procedure of the chest wall for aspiration of fluids
Viscera Large organs contained in the ventral cavity
Antibodies Immunoglobulins that are formed to act against foreign cells or substances
Erythropoiesis Production of red blood cells
Cephalalgia Headache
Blepharedema Swelling of the eyelid
Acrohypothermy Abnormal coldness of the extremities
Dactylitis Inflammation of bones of the fingers and toes
Chiroplasty Plastic surgery of the hand
Onychomalacia Softening of the nails
Lacrimation Crying
Dacryolithiasis The presence of tear stones
Thoracodynia Pain in the thorax, distinguished from chest pain from a heart condition
Thoracotomy Surgical incision of the chest cavity
Blepharoptosis Drooping of the eyelid
Onychomycosis A fungal disease of the nails
Dacryocystitis Inflammation of the tear sac
Endocrine Glands They are ductless
Sweat Glands Sudoriferous glands
Ambulant Able to walk
Thrombocyte Blood platelet
Prone Horizontal with the face down
Anterosuperior In front and above
Spinal Pertaining to the spine
Thrombosis Presence of a thrombus
Erythrocyte Red blood cell
Metastasis Spreading from one part of the body to another
Intracellular Within a cell
Phagocytosis The ingestion and destruction of microorganisms and cellular debris by certain cells
Hypertrophy Increase in the size of an organ caused by an increase in the size of the cells
Hyperplasia Increase in the number of normal cells that increases the size of the tissue/organ
Caudad Toward the tail or in an inferior direction in human beings
Extracellular Outside the cell
Coagulation Clotting of blood when removed from the body
Created by: N262341