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Bonewit chapter 3

Sterilization and Disinfection

Antiseptic a substance that kills disease-producing microoganisms but not their spores.An antiseptic is usually applied to living tissue.
Autoclave an apparatus for the sterilization of materials,using steam under pressure.
Contaminate to soil,stain,or pollute;to make impure.
Critical item an item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or the vascular system.
Decontamination the use of physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting disease;this makes the item safe to handle.
Detergent an agent that cleanses by emulsifying dirt and oil.
Disinfectant an agent used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but nottheir spores. Disinfectants are usually applied to inanimate objects.
Hazardous chemical any chemical that preventsa threat to the health and safety of an individul coming into contact with it.
Incubate to provide proper conditions for growth and development.
Load the articles that are being sterilized.
Material safety data sheet(MSDS) a sheet that provides information regarding a chemical,its hazards,and measures to take to to prevent injury and illness when hansling the chemical.
Noncritical item an item that comes into contact with intact skin,but not mucous membrane.
Sanitization a process to remove organic matter form an article ans to reduce the number of microorganismsto a safe level as determined by pulic health requirements.
Semicritical item an item that comes into contact with nonintact skin or intact mucous membrane.
Spore a hard thick-walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacterial cell.
Sterilization the process of destroying all forms of mincrobial life,including bacterial spores.
Thermalbile easily affected or changed by heat.
Created by: AnnaJoseph