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KE Musculoskeletal

Bones (Musculoskeletal System)

The bones are connected to one another by fibrous bands of tissue called? ligaments
Bones are made up of connective tissue called? osseous
What tissue is the inner core of bones comprised of? hematopoietic tissue
Bones are categorised as? axial skeleton & appendicular skeleton
Axial skeleton? skull, rib cage, and spine BONES: Frontal, parietal, occipiotal, tempral, ethmoid, and spehnoid.)
Appendicular skeleton? shoulder, collar, pelvic and arms and legs
Long bones very strong and are broad at the ends and have large surfaces for muscle attachment
Short bones small with irregular shapes found in the wrist and ankle
Flat bones covers swoft bady parts found in shoulder blades, ribs, and pelvic bones
Seasmoid bones small, rounded boned that resemble a sesame seed found near joints like the knee
Facial bones zygoma, lacrimal bones, maxilla, mandible, vomer, palatine bones and inferior nasal conchae
Spine has how many bones? 26 referred to as the vertebrae
Bones of the spine Cervical (neck bones), Thoracic(Upper back), Lumbar(lower back), Sacral(Sacrum) and Coccygeal (coccyx-tailbone)
Rib Cage 12 ribs true ribs 1-7, false ribs 8-10 and floating ribs 11-12 not attached
Upper appendicular scapula, clavicle and upper extremities
upper extremities humerus(upper arm bone), ulna(lower medial arm bone), radius(lateral lower are bone(in line with the thumb), carpals(wrist bones - 2 rows of 4 bones), and metacarpals(palm of hand) phalanges(finger bones - 3 bones each except thumb)
Lower appendicular Pelvis, Ischium, and pubic bone
Lower extremities Femur(thighbone), Patella (Kneecap), Tibia (shin), Fibula(smaller, lateral leg bone), Malleolus (ankle), Tarsal (hind foot bone), Metatarsal (midfoot bone), Phalanz(toe bones(14 in all - 2 in the great toe, 3 in each of the other toes)
Joints parts No ROM, Limited ROM, Full ROM, Synovial most have BURSAE
Muscles functions: to allow the skeleton to move, responsible fo movement of organs and to pump blood to the circulatory system.
Fracture - COMMINUTED the bones is crused and or shattered
Fracture - COMPRESSION the fractured area of bone collapses on itself.
Fracture - COLLES the break of the distal end of the radius at the epiphysis ofter occurs when the patient has attempted to break his or her fall.
Fracture - COMPLICATED the bone is broken and pierces an internal organ.
Fracture - IMPACTED the bone is broken and the ends are driven into each other
Fracture - HAIRLINE a minor fracture appears as a thin line on x-ray and may not extend comp0letely through the bones.
Fracture - GREENSTICK the bone is partially bent and partially broken; this is a common fracture in children because their bones are still soft.
Fracture - PATHOLOGIC any fracture occurring spontaneously as a result of disease.
Fracture - SALTER-HARRIS a fracture of the epiphyseal plate in children.
What is a sprain? a traumatic injury to a joint involving the soft tissue.