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APHG Ch5 Language

Rubenstein Ch 5 Language

TermDefinition
Creole A number of distinct ethnic groups in various countries; mix of culture.
Dialect A variety of a language characteristic of a particular group of the language's speakers-each area has their own sounds or words specific to that region.
Indo-European Languages A branch of the language tree- comprise a family of several hundred related languages and dialects,including most of the major languages of Europe, South Asia, Southwest Asia, and much of Central Asia. Includes English.
Isogloss A boundary that separates different regions that speak different languages.
Language A system of communication through the use of speech, collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
Language family A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
Language group A clustering of languages that share the same branch and followed a similar path in recent history.
Lingua franca Any language widely used beyond the population of its native speakers. Becomes popular primarily by being used for international commerce, but can be accepted in other cultural exchanges, especially diplomacy.
Monolingual The ability to speak only one language.
Multilingual The ability to speak two or more languages.
Official Language Recognized by the government of the corresponding nation based on the importance and population who speak the language(s). For example; in Canada English and French are spoken.
Pidgin Simplified language that develops as a means of communication between two or more groups that do not have a language in common. They are not the native language of any speech community, but are instead learned as second language.
Toponymy The study of place names, their origins, meanings and use.
Trade Language A language, especially a pidgin, used by speakers of different native languages for communication in commerce.
Created by: slslozzy