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Solid &Liquids

Solid &Liquids;Brittany Benning #1

Elixir- A drug that is dissolved in a solution of alcohol and water. Elixirs are sweetened and flavored and are taken orally.Example:Dimetapp Elixir
Emulsion- A mixture of fats or oils in water. Example:Soyacol Emulsion
Liniment- A drug combined with oil, soap, alcohol, or water. Liniments are applied externally ,using friction to produce a feeling of heat or warmth. Example:Heet Liniment
Lotion- An aqueous preparation that contains suspended ingredients. Lotions are used to treat external skin conditions.They work to soothe,protect, and moisten the skin and to destroy harmful bacteria. Example:Caladryl Lotion
Solution- A liquid preparation that contains one or more completely dissolved substances. The dissolved substance is known as the solute, and the liquid in which it is dissolved is known as the solvent. Example:Polysporin Ophthalmic Solution
Spirit- A drug combined with an alcoholic solution that is volatile (a substance that is volatile evaporates readily). Example: Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia
Spray- A fine stream of medicated vapor , usually used to treat nose and throat conditions. Example:Dristan Nasal Spray
Suspension-1 A drug that contains solid insoluble drug particles in a liquid; the preparation must be shaken before administration. Example: Amoxicillin Oral Suspension
Suspension-2 A pressurized form in which solid aerosol or liquid drug particles are suspended in a gas to be dispensed in a loud of mist. Example: Proventil Inhalation Aerosol
Syrup- A drug dissolved in a solution of sugar,water, and sometimes a flavoring to disguise an unpleasant taste. Example:Robitussin Cough Syrup
Tincture- A drug dissolved in a solution of alcohol or alcohol and water. Example: Tincture of Iodine
Tablet- A powdered drug;that has been pressed into discs. Some tablets are scored;that is,they are marked with an indentation so that they can be broken into halves or quarters for proper dosage. Example:Tylenol Tablets
Chewable Tablet- A powdered drug that has been flavored and pressed into a disc. Chewable tablets are often used for antacids,antiflatulents, and children's medication. Example: Pepto-Bismol chewable Tablets
Sublingual Tablet- A powdered drug that has been pressed into a disc and is designed to dissolve under the tongue, which permits its rapid absorption into the bloodstream. Example: Nitroglycerin Sublingual Tablets (Nitrostat)
Enteric-Coated Tablet- A tablet coated with a substance that prevents it from dissolving until it reaches the intestines. The coating protects the drug from being destroyed from gastric juices and prevents it from irritating the stomach lining.
Enteric-Coated Cont. To prevent the active ingredients from being released prematurely in the stomach, enteric-coated tablets must not be crushed or chewed. Example: Ecotrin Enteric-Coated Aspirin
Capsule- A drug contained in a gelatin capsule that is water-soluble and functions to prevent the patient from tasting the drug. Example: Benadryl Capsules
Sustained-release capsule- A capsule that contains granules that dissolve at different rates to provide a gradual and a gradual and continuous release of medication.This reduces the number of doses that must be administered.Example:Contac 12-hour Sustained-Release Capsules
Caplet- A drug contained in an oblong tablet with smooth coating to make swallowing easier. Example: Advil Caplets
Lozenge- A drug contained in a candy-like base.Lozenges are circular and designed to dissolve on the tongue. Example: Chloraseptic Throat Lozenges
Cream- A drug combined in a base that is generally non-greasy,resulting in a semisolid preparation. Creams are applied externally to the skin. Example:Hydrocortisone Topical Cream
Ointment- A drug with an oil base,resulting in a semi-solid preparation. Ointments are applied externally to the skin and are usually greasy. Example: Cortisporin Topical Ointment
Suppository- A drug mixed with a firm base,such as cocoa butter, that is designed to melt at body temperature. A suppository is shaped into a cylinder or a cone for easy insertion into a body cavity,such as the rectum or vagina. Example: Preparation H Suppositories
Transdermal Patch- A patch with an adhesive backing, which contains a drug, that is applied to the skin. The drug enters the circulation after being absorbed through the skin. Example: Nitroglycerin Patches (Nitro-Dur)
Created by: brittanybenning