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A+P Midterm Exam

Midterm Exam Prep. Chapter 1: Introduction to the human body.

What branch of science studies the structure or morphology of the body? Anatomy.
What is the branch of science that describes how the body works or functions? Physiology.
How is the body organized? The body is organized from the very simple to the complex.
List the body's levels of organization in order. Atoms, large molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organs systems, organism.
What does the Endocrine system do? Horomones/biochemical control.
What does the Circulatory system do? Transports blood and nutrients.
What does the Lymphatic system do? Immunity.
Define Homeostasis. Homeostasis is the body's ability to maintain a stable internal environment.
Define Anatomical position? Anatomical position refers to a person standing erect with face forward, upper limbs hanging to the sides, and palms of the hands facing forward.
Superior and inferior mean? (You cannot use these on arms and legs) Superior = above Inferior = below
Distal and proximal mean? (You can ONLY use these on the arms and legs.) Distal means away from the point of attachment. Proximal means closer to the point of attachment.
What does anterior and posterior mean? Anterior = front Posterior = back
What does lateral and medial mean? Lateral = side. Medial = middle.
What does ventral and dorsal mean? Vental = front. Dorsal = back
What does superficial and deep mean? Superficial = Surface. Deep = Deep
What plane divides the body into right and left portions? Sagittal plane.
Which plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions. Frontal plane (AKA coronal plane)
Which plane divides the body horizontally creating a upper and lower body. Transverse plane.
What are Viscera. ORGANS.
Define cavities. Large internal spaces.
What are the two main cavities of te body? Dorsal and ventral.
What two cavaties divide the dorsal cavity. Cranial cavity and the vertebral cavity.
What two divisions are in the ventral cavity. The thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity.
What organs are contained in the the thoracic cavity. Heart and lungs.
What organs are contained in the Abdominal cavity? Stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen and kidneys.
What organs are contained in the pelvic cavity? Rectum, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs.
Created by: Nikki51



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