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INSTE I:2 FYM Week 6

The Word of God

2 Tim 3:16 (key verse re: inspiration of the bible) All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correction, and training in righteousness.
2 Peter 1:21 (key verse re: inspiration of the bible) For prophecy never had its origin in the the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.
Inspiration The process through which God, through the H.S., assured the existence of an exact and true record of the redeeming work of Christ, in written form, by holy men of God. Ceased when the canon of the Bible was completed.
Inspired Breathed from within
Inspiration is not natural but Supernatural (The Bible is not just great literary work. It was inspired.)
Inspiration is not universal, but Unique (Only a few were chosen by God as inspired authors)
Inspiration is not mechanical, but Dynamic (The H.S guided each writer in such a way that he chose the material/words which expressed exactly what God wanted to say in an individual writing style)
Inspiration is not partial, but Total or plenary (All scripture was inspired by God)
Inspiration is not of concepts only, but Extends to the words (If the thoughts are inspired, so too are the words)
Plenary inspiration (total, complete, entire) includes all parts of the Bible
Verbal inspiration The Holy Spirit inspired every word of Scripture (the words)
The Bible is infallible without error in the original manuscripts
Direct revalation Truth directly revealed and imparted by God to the mind of the writer, who would not have known it any other way.
The Bible contains both direct revelation and "Known facts" that The Bible containes know facts which the writers could observe or verify from written documents. The choice of these facts were also directed by the H.S.
General revelation Facts about God that can be known through nature and through the human conscience.
Special revelation The Bible
Internal evidence Refers to the evidence of inspiration we find in the Bible
Formation of the canon of the OT 1. Divine seal upon the book (inspiration) 2. Human recognition of that inspiration 3. Collection of the inspired books
External evidence Refers to the corrobation of the internal evidence with historical evidence we find in sources outside the Bible.
Apocryphal Books 14 books written between the 3rd and 1st century BC, which were included in the Septuagint
OT written in Hebrew
NT written in Greek
Septuagint The oldest translation of the OT in Greek.
Vulgate The Bible in Latin
Inspiration The ability to record both fact and revelation without error.
Illumination The influence of the HS to help us understand divine truths and is permanent. There are degrees of illumination.
6 basic rules of Bible interpretation (1-2) 1. Scripture has only one meanding and should be interpreted literally 2. The meaning of a word/phrase should be determined in relationship to the general sense of the passage it is found in.
6 basic rules of Bible interpretation (3-4) 3. Interpretation of a passage/book is best understood when cultural and historial background of the author and the book is known. 4. Obscure passages should be interpretted in the the lifht of clear passages
6 basic rules of Bible interpretation (5-6) 5. The Bible writers used literary figures of speech, which should be interpreted as such 6. The prinicpal details of a parable represent certain realities, but only these details s/b considered when interpreting the parable
Canon The books of the Bible which are inspired by the HS and thus accepted by the Church as authoritative. A book is canonical because it is inspired by God.
Jewish Old Testament The Law The Prophets (early and latter) The Writings (poetic, scrolls, historical, prophetic)
2 Sources of General Revelation Nature and Conscience
Revelation Facts and truths revealed by God to the writer, which the writer could not have known.
Canonization of the OT 1. Divine seal (inspiration); 2. Human recogniation of that inspiration; 3) The collection of inspired books
Does the Bible prove the existance of God? Yes, by faith, God is revealed in His Word.
Created by: ymoseley



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