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APII Blood

Blood

QuestionAnswer
A ___ is a machine used to separate whole blood into its liquid and cellular components. centrifuge
if your body becomes dehydrated, does the plasma percentage increase or decrease? decreases
Blood protects by mounting an ___ ___ and produces ___. immune response, antibodies
Blood transports ___, ___ ___, nutrients, and ___. oxygen, carbon dioxide, waste
Blood regulates ___, pH, and ___ ___. temperature, fluid volume
Erythrocytes make up what percentage of blood? 44%
Albumins regulate water movement between ___ and ___ ___. blood, interstitial fluid
Albumins transport proteins that carry ___, ___ and ___. ions, hormones, lipids
Albumins are the ___ and most abundant of the plasma proteins. They make up ___% of plasma proteins. smallest, 58%
Fibrinogen is responsible for forming ___ ___. blood clots
Erythrocytes transport ___ and ___ ___ to and from tissues and lungs. oxygen, carbon dioxide
What is recycled from blood? ___ iron
The buffy coat of blood contains ___ and ___. platelets, leukocytes
Dehydration means decreased ___. plasma
Plasma is ___*% water. 92
The smallest and most abundant plasma proteins are ___. albumins
Erythrocyte is a formed element because it lacks a ___ and ___. nucleus, organelles
How many globins are found in a single hemoglobin molecule? 4
Leukocytes prepare against ___ response and defend against ___. immune, antigens
Leukocyte that releases histamine. ___ basophil
Leukocyte very active during bacterial infection. ___ neutrophil
Leukocyte that will migreate in blood and become macrophages. ___ monocyte
Leukocytes derived from myeloid line: ___, basophils, ___, monocytes neutrophils, eosinophils
Blood is considered a connective tissue because it contains ___, liquid ___ ___, and dissolved ___. cells, ground substance, proteins
Blood’s temperature is ___ higher than measured body temperature. 1ºC
Blood is ___ times thicker than water. 4
Blood is perceived as what color when deoxygenated? blue
The life span of an erythrocyte is ___ days. 120
When separated by centrifugation, the breakdown of blood is as follows: ___% buffy coat, ___% plasma, ___% erythrocytes. 1, 55, 44
Blood continuously tries to maintain a pH value of ___. 7.4
In the cardiovascular system, there is a constant exchange of fluid between plasma and interstitial fluid by use of ___ and some ___. salts, proteins
Plasma is similar to interstitial fluid in that it has similar concentrations of ___ and ___. nutrients, electrolytes
Erythrocytes in single-file line up are ___. rouleau
Old, dead erythrocytes are ___ in liver and spleen by ___. phagocytized, macrophages
Projections in plasma membrane of erythrocyte. ___ ___ surface antigens
___ are proteins produced by white blood cells, aka B-lymphocytes. Antibodies
___, a hormone, stimulates megakaryocyte production in bone marrow and formation of platelets. Thrombopoietin
Hemocytoblasts are ___, meaning they can develop into many types of cells. pluripotent
Hemocytoblasts can develop into 2 blood cell lines; the ___ line and the ___ line. myeloid, lymphoid
The disease ___ is the reduced number of leukocytes. leukopenia
Thrombocytopenia is an abnormally small number of ___. platelets
Lymphocytes mostly reside in ___ ___. lymphatic organs
Stem cells’ maturation and division are influenced by ___-___ ___. colony-stimulating factors
The production rate of erythrocytes is about 3 million per ___. second
Erythropoietin is a hormone produced by the ___ to increase production and maturation of erythrocyte ___ cells and erythroblast cells. kidneys, progenitor
Created by: BrandiLynn