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HS2 Vital Signs

Vital Signs The four main vital signs which are temperature, pulse, respiration, and blood pressure.
Temperature the measurement of the balance between heat loss and heat produced by the body
Pulse the pressure of the blood felt against the wall of an artery as the heart contracts and relaxes, or beats. The rate, rhythm, and volume are recorded.
Rhythm regularity
Volume Strength
Respiration reflect the breathing rate of patient
Blood Pressure the force exerted by the blood against the arterial walls when the heart contracts or relaxes
Apical Pulse a pulse is taken with a stethoscope at the apex of the heart
Homeostasis a constant state of fluid balance
Oral Temperature are taken in the mouth, clinical thermometer, place for 3 minutes to 5 minutes. The most common, convenient, and comfortable
Rectal Temperature taken in the rectum and placed for 3 to 5 minutes, most accurate.
Axillary Temperature taken in the armpit and inserted in the folds of the skin for 5 minutes.
Aural Temperature temperature is taken with a special thermometer that is placed in the ear or auditory canal. Contacts radiating energy from the blood vessels
Hypothermia a very low temperature, below 95 Fahrenheit caused by exposure to the cold. Death occurs below 93 Fahrenheit.
fever an elevated body temperature, usually above 101 Fahrenheit.
Pyrexia another term for fever
Hyperthermia occurs when the body temperature exceeds 104 Fahrenheit measured rectally. Can be caused by brain damage or serious infection
Clinical thermometer used to record temperature. Consists of mercury or alcohol with red dye, which expands to heat. Three types Oral, Security and rectal.
Tympanic Thermometer are specialized electronic thermeters that record the aural temperature
Character Rhythm the depth and quality of respirations
bradycardia a pulse rate under 60 beats per minute
tachycardia a pulse rate over 100 beats per minute
arrhythmia an irregular abnormal rhythm usually caused by a defect in the electrical conduction pattern
dsynea difficulty breathing
apnea absences of respirations usually temporary
tachypnea respiratory rate above 25 respirations per minute
bradypnea slow respiratory rate, usually below 10 per minute
orthopnea severe dyspnea in which breathing is very difficult in any position other than sitting erect or standing
Cheyenne-stakes respirations periods of dyspnea followed by periods of apnea; frequently of a dying patient
rales bubbling or noisy sounds caused by fluids or mucus in the air passage
wheezing difficult breathing with a high pitched whistling or sighing sounds during expiration caused by a narrowing of the bronchioles of obstruction or mucus accumulation in the bronchi
cyanosis a dusky blueish discoloration of the skin and lips, nose because decreased oxygen and increased carbon dioxide
stethoscope an instrument used to listen to internal body parts
pulse deficit a condition that occurs with some heart conditions heart is weak and doesn't pump or pump too much
sphygmomonameter the intrument that measures your blood pressure in the mm of mercury
systolic pressure occurs in the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is contracting and pushing blood into the arteries
diastolic pressure is the constant pressure in the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is at rest
pulse pressure the difference systolic and diastolic pressure
hypertension high blood pressure is indicated when pressure are greater than 140 mm Hg systolic and 99 mm Hg diastolic
Hypotension low blood pressure, less then 100 systolic and 60 diastolic
Created by: Sergiosaurs