Normal Size Small Size show me how
Chpt 31 Sect1
The Emergence of Modern China
|Spheres of influence
|an area or country that is politically & economically dominated by, though not directly governed by, another country
|Chinese political party in power after 1911 revolt. Disliked foreign powers in China but were greatly influenced by Western ideas.
|to surrender one's office, throne, or authority
|China's 1st president 1911 under the Nationalist party. Wanted China to adopt a government based on Western ideas.
|China's president after Yat-sen's death in the mid 1920's.
|a year long journey of Communists who fled Jiangxi in 1934 to avoid execution by Chiang Kai-shek.
|Communist leader of People's Republic of China 1949 until his death in 1976
|island off of China's mainland. Chaing Kai-shek sought safety there in 1949
|farm where people work as a group & then share whatever they harvest.
|Great Leap Forward
|1958-1960 plan where collectives were combined into communal settlements, run much like the military
|1966-1969 plan by Zedong to establish a new, socialist society- to destroy the "Four Olds"
|Zedong's army who enforced his policies during the Cultural Revolution
|Little Red Books
|a collection of Mao's sayings compiled and distributed during the Cultural Revolution
|leader of China following Zedong's death in 1976
|Tiananmen Square event
|6/3/1989 event in Beijing. Approximately 2,000 political protesters were killed and hundreds of others wounded by China's military
|law administered during a period of strict military control
|an system of economical & political thought developed by Karl Marx
|system of government in which the government controls the means of production, determining what goods will be made, how much workers will be paid, and how much items will cost
|once popular name for communist China
|extending the power and dominian of a country or indirectly by gaining economical or political control over another area