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Religion.Chapter.12.

Science and Secularity: The Modern Era Begins

QuestionAnswer
Who said, "Sire, I have no need of that hypothesis." Laplace
A 'scientific' religion Deism
A natural theology Argument from design
Argument from design Deism
All events have natural causes, not supernatural causes Naturalism
No God at all; only nature exists Metaphysical Naturalism
No interventions in nature Cosmological Naturalism
Science is limited to looking only for natural causes - no miracles; "as if" Methodological Naturalism
God made intelligible world, God gave humans intelligence, so humans should rely on themselves for progress towards a more humane world Religious Humanism
What if there is only one religion, ases on reason and not revelations. Revelations differ from each other, and divide people into warring religions Religious Tolerance
"survival of the fittest" Herbert Spencer
Broke new ground by describing how evolution could occur Darwin's Theory
survival more likely for those which happen to be better "adapted" Natural Selection
immoral to aid the weak or poor; welfare hurts human development Social Darwinism
This-worldly, unreligious Secular
belief in social progress Evolutionary
Serve human well-being BVM morality
Cultural evolution, guided by economics; modern industrial society produces great wealth, enough to share Karl Marx's basic theory
Created by: elyk01
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