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THEO FINAL

theology 100 final

QuestionAnswer
one's self as law autonomy
God does not interfere with workings of the universe Deism
believed in systematic doubt, but lived and died a devout Catholic Descartes
explanation of universe according to mechanical principles Newton
reason, science, the goodness and rights of humans, religious toleration, progress, and human freedom the Enlightenment
no need to resort to religion to understand the world, humans, or morality rationalism
antagonism toward priests and clergy anticlericalism
: humans are born with original sin-a natural tendency toward selfishness and sin Christianity (through Augustine)
freedom from totalitarianism/tyranny Liberty
who believed government derives its legitimacy from the consent of the governe Locke
simple belief in God and humanity leaves room for multiple expression Natural Religion
no interference by state in the free market Laissez-faire capitalism
justice within the historical process instead of reliance on God ; Communism Marxism
RETURN TO EARLY CHRISTIAN WRITERS ressourcement
UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES PAPAL TEACHING AUTHORITY IS DIVINELY PROTECTED AGAINST ERROR papal infallibility
; ATTACHED TO THE OFFICE, NOT THE PERSON ex cathedra
THE TENDENCY TO EXULT THE PAPACY PIUS IX’S “SYLLABUS OF ERRORS” ISSUED BEFORE THE COUNCIL Ultramontanism
MAXIMIZE PAPAL AUTHORITY TO END ARGUMENTS AND DEBATES AND PROPOSE A FINAL JUDGMENT AND STANCE AGAINST THE DANGERS OF THE MODERN/POST-MODERN WORLD reactionary solution
A DESIRE TO MAKE LITURGY TRULY THE “WORK OF THE PEOPLE” INSTEAD OF SOMETHING THE PRIEST DID AND SAID AND THE PEOPLE PASSIVELY WATCHED Liturgical Movement
21ST ECUMENICAL COUNCIL Vatican II
MAYBE MOST RADICAL OF REFORMS Church as people of God
Vatican II goal to restore unity among Christians
Response to anti-semitism Jews are not responsible for Crucifixion
Warning against schismatics endangering the unity of the church
: in living morally one who has not heard the gospel yet is expressing an implicit desire to join the church; through this desire one may be saved. Salvation outside the church not impossible. Bellarmine’s implicit desir
human culture is essentially good, but the grace of Christ can bring human culture to unprecedented levels of holiness: inclusivism Theology of fulfillment
no truth or grace lies outside of Christianity exclusivism
he believed that other religions impart a knowledge of God through the universe: “cosmic religion” Jean Danielo
he believed non-Christian religions may mediate salvation because the Holy Spirit acts in all times and places and is available when and where ever the Christian message of love and selfsurrender is present; anonymous Christians Karl Rahner
Any religion may be a direct route to God pluralism
ultimate reality beyond human description theocentrism
Created by: merebearrRAWR
 

 



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