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APWH ch. 15

Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE) founded by Tang Taizong; after the Sui dynasty; success due to energy, ability, and policies of Tang Taizong; maintained an extensive communications network based on roads, horses, and sometimes human runners; used the equal-field system.
Grand Canal Waterway that linked the Huang He and Yangtze rivers; created in the sui dynasty; ran north and south; created expansion through trade
Song Dynasty 960-1279 C.E.; never built a very powerful state; Song rulers mistrusted military leaders, and they placed much more emphasis on civil administration, industry, education, and the arts than on military affairs;
Sui dyansty (589-618 C.E,) brought about by Yang Jian, very short, it did bring all of China back under centralized rule; the Grand Canal was built during this empire
Tang Tiazong 627-649 CE; Tang Dynasty's second emperor;taxes were very low; unusual stability and prosperity during his reign
Hangzhou New Song capital city in the south
Chang'an Tang capital city
Song Taizi reigned 960-976 C.E.; a junior military officer and was known for his honesty and effectiveness and in 960 his troops proclaimed him emperor.
gunpowder A mix of salpeter, sulfur, and charcoal first used for fireworks in Tang China
fast-ripening rice New strains of the staple produced two crops per year instead of just one
paper money New type of currency issued by the Song government
Civil service exam Test for becoming a Tang or Song government official
High taxes & forced labor Common causes of peasant revolts
An Lushan one of Tang dynasty's foremost military commanders; mounted rebellion and captured capital at Chang'an and Luoyang; murdered by a soldier in 757
Zhu Xi he was the most important representative of Song Neo-Confucianism and maintained a deep commitment to Confucian values emphasizing proper personal behavior and social harmony;
Bureaucracy of merit Tang dynasty relied heavily on this; recruited government officials from the ranks of candidates who had progressed through the Confucian educational system and had mastered a sophisticated curriculum concentrating on the classic work of chinese literacy.
Xuanzang young Buddhist monk who decided to go to India and visit the holy sites of Buddhism and learn about his faith;
Foot Binding gained popularity among the privileged classes during the Song era; the tight wrapping of young girls' feet with strips of cloth that prevented natural growth of the bones and resulted in tiny, malformed, curved feet;
Nara Japan (710-794 CE) where Chinese influence was most prominent; Nara was also a city near modern Kyoto, Japan.
Heian Period (794-1185 CE); also a city named capital of Japan in 794 and is now modern Kyoto; became the seat of a refined and sophisticated society that drew inspiration from China but also elaborated distinctively Japanese political and cultural traditions;
Tale of Genji best reflected the Heian court life; composed by Murasaki Shikibu; relates the experiences of a fictitious imperial prince named Genji
Kamakura early medieval period of Japan that ran from 1185 to 1333 CE
Samurai professional warriors and specialists in the use of force and the arts of fighting; served the provincial lords of Japan
Dunhuang a city on the silk road that transmitted Mahayana Buddhism to China; by the fourth century C.E., a sizable Buddhist community had emerged at Dunhuang in western China.
Murasaki Shikibu a lady in writing in the Heian court who wrote in Japanese syllabic script rather than in Chinese character. She wrote The Tale of Ganji.
Chan Buddhism a syncretic faith; a form of Buddhism with Chinese characteristics; known in Japan as Zen Buddhism; emphasized insight in the search for spiritual enlightenment
Neo-Confucianism emerged when the Confucians of the Song dynasty drew inspiration from Buddhism; their thought reflected the influence of Buddhism and original Confucian values
Silla native dynasty of Korea that agreed to a political compromise with invading Tang authorities to avoid a long and costly conflict
Vietnam called Nam Viet by the Chinese;Viet people settled around the Red River and resisted the Tang armies; used Chinese agricultural systems, irrigation systems, schools, administration, and Confucian works; Viets won their rule by the fall of the Tang dynasty
Minamoto claimed to rule the land in the name of the emperor; dominated political life in Japan for four centuries
Muromachi ran from 1336 - 1573 CE in Japan; during the two periods, they developed a decentralized political order
Shogun a military governor who ruled in place of the emperor; installed as clan leader by the Minamoto
Bushido the "way of the warrior"; the code of conduct of the Japanese samurai that was based on loyalty and honor
Seppuku Japanese term for ritual suicide committed by the samurai when he had been dishonored
Created by: brooke2013