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APHG Language Ch. 5

British Received Pronunciation The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the UK.
Creole or creolized language A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Dialect A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
Ebonics Dialect spoken by some African-Americans
Extinct language A language that was once used by people in daily activites but is no longer used
Franglais Term used by the French for English words that have entered the french language, a combo of francais and anglais
Ideaograms The system of writing used in China and other East Asians countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound, as in the case with English letters
Isogloss A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
Isolated language A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family
Language A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning
Language branch Collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago; Differences aren't as extensive or as old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family
Language family A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history
Language group Collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
Lingua franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
Literary tradition A language that is written as well as spoken
Official language The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents
Pidgin language A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communication among speakers of two different languages
Spanglish Combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic-Americans
Standard language The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications
Vulgar language A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was for official documents
Created by: ana1030