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Bonewit Textbook

Chapter 16

Agglutination The aggregation or uniting of separate particles into clumps or masses.
Biliruibinuria The presence of bilirubin in the urine.
Bladder catherization The passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine.
Glycosuria The presence of glucose in the urine.
Ketonuria The presence of ketone bodies in the urine.
Ketosis An accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues and body fluids.
Micturition The act of voiding urine.
Nephron The functional unit of the kidney.
Oliguria Decreased or scanty output of urine.
pH The unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Polyuria Increased output of urine.
Proteinuria The presence of protein in the urine.
Refractive index The ratio of the velocity of light in air to the velocity of light in a solution.
Refractometer An instrument used to measure the refractive index of urine, which is an indirect measurement of the specific gravity of urine.
Renal threshold The concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine.
Specific gravity The weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of a substance known as the standard.
Supernatant The clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles.
Suprapubic aspiration The passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to removie urine.
Urinalysis The physical, chemical, and microscopic analysis of urine.
Void To empty the bladder.
Created by: RachelPenwell