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Different meds

Elxir A drug that is dissolved in a solution of alcohol and water. Elixirs are sweetened and flavored and are taken orally.
Emulsion A mixture of fats or oils in water.
Liniment A drug combined with oil, soap, alcohol, or water. Liniments are applied eternally, using friction, to produce a feeling of heat or warmth.
Lotion An aqueous preparation that contains suspended ingredients. Lotions are used to treat external skin conditions. They work to soothe, protect, and moisten the skin and to destroy harmful bacteria.
Solution A liquid preparation that contains one or more completely dissolved substances. The dissolved substance is known as the slute, and the liquid in which it is dissolved is known as the solvent.
Spirit A drug combined with an alcoholic solution that is volatile (a substance that is volatile evaporates readily).
Spray A fine stream of medicated vapor, usually used to treat nose and throat conditions.
Suspension A drug that contains solid insoluble drug particles in a liquid; the preparation must be shaken before administration.
Suspension A pressurized form in which solid aerosol or liquid drug particles are suspended in a gas to be dispensed in a could or mist.
Syrup A drug dissolved in a solution of sugar, water, and sometimes a flavoring to disguise and unpleasant taste.
Tincture A drug dissolved in a solution of alcohol or alcohol and water.
Tablet A powdered drug; that has been pressed into discs. Some tablets are scored; that is, they are marked with an indentation so that they can be broken into halves or quarters for proper dosage.
Chewable tablet A powdered drug that has been flavored and pressed into a disc. Chewable tablets are often used for antacids, antiflatulents, and childrens medication.
Sublingual tablet A powdered drug that has been pressed into a disc and is designed to dissolve under the tongue, which permits its rapid absorption into the bloodstream.
Enteric-coated tablet A tablet coated with a substance that prevents it from dissolving until it reaches the intestines. Coating protects drug from being destroyed by gastric juices and prevents it from irratating the stomach lining. Tablets must be crushed or chewed.
Capsule A drug contained in a gelatin capsule that is water-soluble and functions to prevent from tasting the drug.
Sustained-release capsule A capsule that contains granules that dissolve at different rates to provide a gradual and a gradual and continious release of medications. This reduces the number of doses that must be administered.
Caplet A drug contained in an oblong tablet with a smooth coating to make swallowing easier.
Lozenge A drug contained in a candylike base. Lozenges are circular and are designed to dissolve on the tongue.
Cream A drug combined in a base that is generally nongreasy, resulting in a simisolid preparation. Creams are applied externally to the skin.
Ointment A drug with an oil base, resulting in a semisolid preparation. Ointments are applied externally to the skin and are usually greasy.
Suppository A drug mixed with a firm base, such as a cocoa butter, that is designed to melt at body temperature. A suppository is shaped into a cylinder or a cone for easy insertion into the body cavity, such as the rectum or vagina.
Transdermal patch A patch with an adhesive backing, which contains a drug, that is applied to the skin. The drug enters the circulation after being absorbed through the skin.
Created by: monicasalyers