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Medical Terminology

Musculoskeletal System

arthr joint
burs bursa
carp carpus (wrist)
chondr cartilage
cost rib
crani cranium (skull)
femor femur (upper leg bone)
ili ilium
ischi ischium
kinesi movement, motion
kyph hump (spine)
lord bent forward (spine)
necr death
oste bone
phalang phalanx (any bone of the fingers or toes)
pub pubis
rachi vertebra, spine, vertebral column
scoli crooked, curved (spine)
spondyl vertebra spine, vertebral column
stern sternum (breast bone)
ten tendon
tendon/o tendon
troph development
vertebr vertebra, spine
inter- between
-asthenia weakness
-desis surgical fusion (to immobilize)
-malacia softening
osteoplasty surgical repair of the bone
osteotomy incision of bone
fracture broken bone
gout disease in which an excessive amount of uric in the blood causes sodium urate crystals to be deposited in the joints, especially that of the great toe, producing arthritis
ligament connects bone to bone
tendon connects muscle to bone
muscular dystrophy group of hereditary diseases characterized by degeneration of muscle and weakness
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
Fx fracture
periosteum the outer layer of the bone that covers and protects
athroscopy process of viewing a joint
involuntary not in control of muscle movement
voluntary being in control of muscle movement
orthopedics the study and treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system
ortho orthopedics
orthopedist physician who specializes in the study and treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system
osteoporosis disease caused by abnormal loss of bone density occurring predominantly in postmenopasual women, which can lead to an increase in fractures of ribs, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, hips, and wrists
Fibromyalgia disorders of muscle fibers, that causes pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbances
Created by: 1138740071



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