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Chp 4 Integumentary

Intergumentary system: part of the immune system, include skin, hair, and nails
cutane/o skin
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
percutaneous pertaining to through the skin
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty - repair of a coronary artery w/ a catheter inserted through the skin and through the lumen of a blood vessel
lumen inside diameter of a vessel, duct, or tube
subcutaneuous (subQ, subcu) pertaining to under the skin, AKA hypodermis
dermatologist specialist in the study of the skin
dermatitis inflammation of the skin AKA cellulitis
dermatome instrument used to cut skin
epidermal pertaining to the outer layer of skin AKA epidermis
erythroderma abnormal red skin color AKA erythema, erythematous, rubeosis
ID intradermal - pertaining to within the skin
leukoderma white skin
dermatoconiosis abnormal condition of the skin caused by dust
dermatoautoplasty surgical repair of the skin with self (own skin)
dermatoheteroplasty surgical repair using another's skin
xeroderma dry skin
pachyderma thick skin
xanthoderma yellow skin AKA jaundice or icterus
onych/o nail
ungu/o nail
onychocryptosis abnormal condition of an ingrown nail
onychomycosis a condition of nail softening
onychomycosis abnormal condition of nails caused by fungus
onychetomy excision of a nail
onychophagia condition of nail biting
paronychia condition of inflammation adjacent to a nail
ungual pertaining to a nail
seb/o sebum (oil)
seborrhea excessive flow of sebum (oil)
trich/o hair
trichomycosis abnormal condition of fungus in the hair (axillary)
trichomonas STD
adip/o fat
lip/o fat
steat/o fat
adipose pertaining to fat tissue
-ose sugar (gluclose, sucrose, dextrose, lactose, fructose, maltose)
lipoid resembling fat
steatoma fatty tumor or mass
rhytidectomy excision of wrinkles
rhytidoplasty excision of wrinkles AKA face lift
Botox botulism toxin injected to treat facial wrinkles
debridement (debride) removal of necrotic tissue and / or foreign matter
disseminate (dissemination) to scatter over a considerable area
pruritus (pruritic) itching
pediculosis lice (louse)
nits lice ova
scabies skin infection caused by the itch mite
sudoriferous glands glands that produce sweat
sudoriferous pores where sweat is released through ossa
diaphoresis (diaphoretic) profuse sweating
Iodoform gauze a product name for wound packing
Penrose drain product name for a wound drain
dehiscence bursting open of a surgical abdominal wund
evisceration (eviscerate)spilling out of abdominal contents due to dehiscence
lesion any pathological change in structure or function
alopecia hair loss (baldness)
antineoplastic medications chemotherapy; causes alopecia
cicatrix (cicatrices) scars
keloid a hypertrophied scar associated with surgery and 3rd degree burns
ulcer an erosion of the skin or mucous membranes
decubitus ulcer bedore or pressure ulcer, commonly occur on bony prominences
bony promineces include: coccyx, calcanei (heel bone), olecranons (elbows), scapulae, pelvic bones (ilia, ischia), occipital bone, patellas
edema (edematous) tissue swelling (accumulation of fluid)
pitting edema excessive edem a causing pitting after light palpation
leukoplakia white patches on oral mucous membranes, associated with pre-malignant condition
macule flat, usually erythmatous lesion
papule raised lesion
nodule larger papule
vesicle clear liqued filled papule
vesicle AKA blister, bulla, bleb
pustule papule filled with pus
abscess collection of pus
acne inflammatory papular and pustular eruptions caused by clogging of sebaceous glands AKA pimples or zits
comedo whiteheads or blackheads
furnucle a boil
carbuncle cluster of furuncles
ecchymosis black and blue mark AKA bruise, hematoma, or contusion
petechiae pin point skin hemorrhages
purpura combination of ecchymosis and petechiae
verruca warts
abrasion mechanical superficial damage to the skin AKA scrape
excoriation chemical superficial damage to the skin
urtucarua hives AKA wheals
cyst a thickening or lump
induration abnormal hard spot
tinea fungus
inea corporis ringworm
fissure crack or groove caused by tinea pedis
laceration rissue that is cut, torn, or ripped
avulsion tearing away any part of the body away from the whole
psoriasis erythematous lesions with silvery white scales
pallor paleness
albinism congenital absence of skin pigmentation (melanin)
vitiligo localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk white patches
cyanosis abnormal blueish coloration, usually a sign of hypoxia or hypothermia
ichtyosis dry scaly skin
crustations scabs
callus hypertrophied skin
impetigo vesicular and pustular bacterial skin disease
neoplasm or neoplasia new growth, associated with cancer
nevus mole/birthmark
melanoma black tumor, malignant neoplasm
I+D incision and drainage performed on an absess
FS frozen section, type of Bx
Created by: RBarnes86