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Unit 3 Culture

Vocab

QuestionAnswer
When you adapt only 1 or a few customs of a new place that will be advantageous while keeping the rest of your own Acculturation
The process by which an ethnic culture is taken over by the dominant popular culture Assimilation
Several local restaurants in Nicaragua have closed because they could not compete with the McDonalds and other American restaurants in the area, representing the __________. Cultural core/periphery pattern
The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people’s distinct tradition. Culture
If a group of people find cell phones to be particularly helpful in maintaining their beliefs, it is likely the _________ will be extremely swift. Innovation Adaptation
Several years ago Wal-mart opened its first branch in Germany; however the company failed miserably because its business practices of long hours and its products did not match German culture. This represents the concept of _________. Maladaptive Diffusion
the faithfulness to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual nature. Religion
Many Hindu’s still embrace ________ by believing in many gods, but they will join a devotional cult; which centers daily worship on the main god of his/her choice. Polytheism
A religion with a rather concentrated distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location where its adherents are located. Ethnic Religion
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and life. Animism
The third of the world’s major universalizing religions. It has 365 million adherents especially in China and Southeast Asia. Buddhism
During WWII, large metal birds dropped modern goods onto our lands and into our seas. Outsiders say they were planes, but we know it was our ancestors. The worship of these goods and birds make people call us the ___________. Cargo Cult Pilgrimage
is a monotheistic religion that is the most popular and widespread religion in the world. Christianity
Language that is created by mixing a colonizer’s language with the indigenous language of the area Creole Language
The ancestors of my belief system were forced to move from the North Eastern United States to Utah due to persecution. I practice __________. Mormonism
a complex system of moral, social, political, and religious thought. Has and continues to affect Chinese Civilization tremendously. Confucianism
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion. Found in most all religions today. Fundamentalism
customs often practiced by small, rural, and homogenous (uniform) peoples. Folk Culture
The Ganges River in India has become a sacred place for _________, the largest ethnic religion in the world. Hinduism
after this life you will come back in another life either as a plant, animal, or a human life. So basically what you do in this life will affect what your next life is like. Reincarnation
I live in Indonesia and believe Muhammad is the prophet of God. This makes me an adherent of ________. Islam
Regional boundaries between word-usage. Isogloss
A Language surrounded by other languages that share no ancestry with that language Isolate
The ______ is the 5th pillar of Islam which says that once in a Muslim’s life, he or she must take a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Hajj
it is the legal framework within which public and some private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Muslim principles. Sharia Law
religion and philosophy originating in ancient India. Stresses spiritual independence and equality of all life. Jainism
My religion became the basic belief system for the two most practiced religions in the world today. I believe in _________. Judaism
Nigeria consistently struggles of violence as a result of its strict ________, with Muslims dominating the North and Christians in control of the South. Interfaith Boundaries
The certain areas where people have commonly been buried. Landscapes of the Dead
Languages created and used for trade Lingua Franca
A global religion that appeals to all people, wherever they may live in the world, There are three religions that practice this they are Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. To proselytize is to try to convert another person to your religion. Universalizing Religion
Certain habits shared by large, heterogeneous (mixed) societies despite personal differences; originate in the Core Areas Popular Culture
The ________ have always been dependent upon the beliefs of a particular religion. For example, Buddhists create Pagodas, not as houses of communal worship like Christianity, but as places to store and commemorate the relics of Buddha. Religious Architectural styles
This is where most religions are born. Religious Cultural Hearth
place where religious figures and congregations meet to perform religious ceremonies. Sacred Space
I believe our laws should have a strong separation between church and state, therefore I believe in ________. Secularism
range of traditional beliefs and practices that claim the ability to cure, heal, and cause pain to people. Shamanism
Although the religion is not important politically, I still follow _________, my native Japanese religion. Shintoism
I live in India and follow a guru, believing in one God. I practice _________. Sikhism
restriction on behavior based on social customs and environment Taboo
Created by: ahowe