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7 Gr. Egypt Test

Fertile Crescent and Ancient Egypt

QuestionAnswer
Name the 2 rivers that make up the Fertile Crescent region? Tigris River, Euphates
What body of water do the 2 major rivers flow into? Persian Gulf
What is another name for the Fertile Crescent? Mesopotamia
What modern day country is most of the Fertile Crescent located in? Iraq
What was a professional writer called during ancient times? a scribe
What were the temples called that were set aside for the maid gods or goddess in each city-state? a ziggurat
What was the first known civilization in the Fertile Crescent region? Sumerian
What major river was behind the success of Ancient Egypt? Nile River
What was an Egyptian king called? pharaoh
Who was the Egyptian ruler that died at the age of 18? King Tut
What is a called when a series of rulers come from the same family? dynasty
What body of water borders Egypt and was the center of most ancient civilizations? Mediterranean Sea
What was the name of the black stone used to decode hieroglyphics? Rosetta Stone
What was the name of the early form of paper called? papyrus
In everyday life, what job was central to all Egyptians? farming
What is the best stone used in building a pyramid? limestone
What structure symbolizes the sun god, Ra? obelisk
What is the first form of writing in the Fertile Crescent called? Cuneiform
Who was strict enforcer of law in the Babylonian Empire? Hammurabi
What were key aspects of a city-state in the Fertile Crescent? Army God or Goddess Government King NOT a Pharaoh
What order did the civilizations exist... Babylonians...Sumerians....Assyrians? Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians
What god was the Sun god? Re
How many different kingdoms was Ancient Egypt history broken into? 3
What was the main reason for the pyramids? a burial site for pharaohs
Why was King Tut so famous? His tomb was the first and only tomb to be found untouched
What is the best angle to build a pyramid? 52 degrees
What is the best combination of farmers, craftsman and officals to build a pyramid? 80% farmers, 15% craftsman, 5% officials
From the video we watched, how many pyramids are still standing? 80
Did women have as many rights as men in Egyptian society? yes
What were the 2 major languages? Cuneiform uses connected shapes to make letters.....Heiroglyphics uses shapes and symbols to tell the story
Know the Mummification Process pull the brain out with a hook remove all the organs except the heart place the body in salt stuff the body with linen soak body in oil wrap the body in linen place the body in the tomb
First pharaoh of Egypt Menes
Ordered the building of the Red Pyramid Snefru
Ordered the building of the Great Pyramid Khufu
Powerful female that ruled Egypt for 15 years Hatshepsut
Ordered building of first step pyramid Djoser
Considered one of the greatest pharaohs...he ruled with his aunt Hatshepsut Thutmose III
Female pharaoh that ruled when Egypt was taken over by Rome Cleopatra VII
Location Fertile Crescent Egypt India China Greece Rome Time Span 3500 B.C. - 500 B.C. 3000 B.C. - A.D. 350 2500 B.C. - 185 B.C. 2000 B.C. - A.D. 1911 2000 B.C. - 146 B.C. 900 B.C. - A.D. 476
Created by: ellist