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Scientific Revolutio

Scientific Revolution/Age of Exploration

QuestionAnswer
rationalism use of reason to understand the world
geocentric theory belief that the earth is the center of the universe
harmony things combining well with each other to form the universe as a whole
anatomy finding structure of living things
dissection cutting open plants and animals to examine their parts
Scientific Revolution period of questioning accepted views of the world
heliocentric sun centered
universal gravitation action of gravity on all objects throughout the universe
scientific method approach to understanding the world that involves observation and experimentation
Kepler proved, using math, that the planets moved around the sun
Copernicus the first to believe that the sun was the center of the universe
Galileo used the telescope and open glass thermometer
Newton said all physical objects were affected by gravity
Harvey the first to study the circulation of the blood and to say that our hearts pump blood
Leeuwenhoek built a microscope and was the first to observe bacteria
Fahrenheit made the first mercury thermometer
Torricelli invented the barometer
Bacon came up with the theory of Scientific Method
Dias Portuguese man to reach the Cape of Good Hope at the bottom of Africa
da Gama First man (Portuguese) who went around the southern part of Africa and found a route to India
Where does Ms. Soster's daughter go to college? Ohio State University
Magellan First man (Spanish) whose crew circumnavigated the world
Pizarro Spanish man who took over the Incas in Peru
Coronado Spanish man who explored the southwest part of the U.S. looking for the Seven Cities of gold which he never found
Cortes Spanish man who conquered the Aztec Indians in Mexico
Cabot Italian navigator who explored for England, looking for NW Passage; He went up to Newfoundland.
Verrazzano Italian man sent by the French to find the NW Passage; He explored the North American coast from the Carolinas to Canada.
Balboa Spanish man who was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean
Ponce de Leon Spanish man who explored Florida looking for the "fountain of youth"
de Soto Spanish man who explored the Southern United States and Mississippi River
Champlain French explorer who founded and named Quebec, Canada
Hudson English man who worked for Dutch East India Company; A strait, a bay, and a river are named after him in the New York area.
La Salle French man who explored Lake Ontario and Lake Erie and explored the length of the Mississippi River
Marquette French priest and explorer who explored the St. Lawrence River, the Great Lakes, and Mississippi River with Jolliet.
Jolliet French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence River, the Great Lakes, and Mississippi River with Father Marquette
Drake English explorer and pirate who stole gold from the Spanish and gave it to Queen Elisabeth I of England
Cabral Portuguese explorer who claimed Brazil for Portugal
What was the Columbian Exchange? movement of living things between hemispheres
What was the Triangle Trade? trade between West Indies (silver, sugar cane), Europe (cheap manuf. goods), and Africa (slaves)
Name five good things that were exchanged between Europe and the Americas. wheat, onions, grapes, sugar cane, oranges, domestic animals, corn, potatoes, pineapples, silver
Name two bad things that were exchanged between Europe and the Americas. diseases, slaves
Name five European countries who began colonies in the Americas. England, France, Spain, Portugal, Holland (Dutch)
Who were the two countries involved in the War of the Spanish Armada? England and Spain
What was the cause of the War of the Spanish Armada? English pirate, Drake, was robbing Spanish; England was Anglican/Spain was Catholic
Who was the leader of Spain during this time? Why didn't like England? Philip II; They took his gold, they were protestant, and their queen wouldn't marry him.
Who was the leader of England during this time? Elisabeth I
Who won the War of the Spanish Armada? Why? England; They had lighter, swifter ships and a storm destroyed Spanish Armada.
Explain Mercantilism. exclusive trade between another country and colonies; colony provided raw materials; mother country provided ________
Explain Capitalism. private ownership/competition; private owners determine products made, how much made, and cost; cost is determined by supply and demand
Explain Socialism. Main means of production are controlled or owned by the government; smaller businesses are owned by private citizens.
Communism. Government owns and controls all economic production and distribution of a country.
Created by: jlsoster