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chp 4 terminology

vocab

QuestionAnswer
ANTER/O FRONT
CYT/O CELL
HIST/O TISSUE
INGUIN/O GROIN
LATER/O SIDE
POSTER/O BACK
PROXIM/O NEAR
VENTR/O BELLY, FRONT, SIDE
ANA, AN, A NOT, WITHOUT
CERVIC/O NECK
HYPO/SUB UNDER, BELOW
INTER BETWEEN
MEDI/O MIDDLE
UMBILIC/O NAVEL
EPI UPON, OVER
ABDOMINAL CAVITY THE CAVITY BENEATH THE THORACIC CAVITY; CONTAINS THE LIVER, GALLBLADER, SPLEEN, STOMACH, PANCREAS, INTESTINES, AND KIDNEYS.
ANAPLASIA A CHANGE IN THE STRUCTURE AND ORIENTATION OF CELLS, CHARACTERIZED BY A LOSS OF DIFFERENTIATION AND REVERSION TO A MORE PRIMITIVE FORM.
ANATOMICAL POSITION THE STANDARD REFERENCE POSITION FOR THE BODY AS A WHOLE: THE PERSON IS STANDING WITH ARMS AT THE SIDES AND PALMS TURNED FORWARD; THE INDIVIDUAL'SHEAD AND FEET ARE ALSO POINTING FORWARD.
ANTERIOR PERTAINING TO THE FRONT OF THE BODY OR TOWARD THE BELLY OF THE BODY.
APLASIA A DEVELOPMENTAL FAILURE RESULTING IN THE ABSENCE OF ANY ORGAN OR TISSUE.
CARDIAC MUSCLE THE MUSCLE THAT MAKES UP THE MUSCLAR WALL OF THE HEART.
CAUDAL PRETAINING TO THE TAIL.
CELL THE SMALLEST AND MOST NUMEROUS STRUCTURAL UNIT OF LIVING MATTER.
CELL MEMBRANE THE SEMIPERMEABLE BARRIER THAT IS THE OUTER COVERING OF THE CELL.
CERVICAL VERTEBRAE C1-C7
COCCYX THE TAILBONE
CHROMOSOMES THE THREAD LIKE STRUCTURES WITHIN THE NUCLEUS THAT CONTROL THE FUNCTIONS OF GROWTH, REPAIR, AND REPRODUCTION FOR THE BODY.
CONNECTIVE TISSUE TISSUE THAT SUPPORTS AND BINDS OTHER BODY TISSUE AND PARTS.
CARNIAL PERTAINING TO THE SKULL OR CRANIUM.
CRANIAL CAVITY THE CAVITY THAT CONTAINS THE BRAIN.
CYTOLOGY THE STUDY OF CELLS
CYTOPLASM A GEL-LIKE SUBSTANCE THAT SURROUNDS THE NUCLEUS OF THE CELL.
DISTAL AWAY FROM OR FARTHEST FROM THE TRUNK OF THE BODY.
DORSAL PERTAINING TO THE BACK.
DORSUN THE BACK OR POSTERIOR SURFACE OF A PART; IN THE FOOT THE TOP OF THE FOOT.
DYSPLASIA ANY ABNORMAL DEVELOPMENT OF TISSUE OR ORGANS
EPIGASTRIC REGION THE REGION OF THE ABDOMEN LOCTED BETWEEN THE RIGHT AND LEFT HYPOCHONDRIAC REGIONS IN THE UPPER SECTION OF THE ABDOMEN.
EPITHELIAL TISSUE THE TISSUE THAT COVERS THE INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL ORGANS OF THE BODY.
FRONTAL PLANE THE VERTICAL PLANES PASSING THROUGH THE BODY FROM THE HEAD TO THE FEET, DIVIDING THE BODY INTO FRONT AND BACK PORTIONS.
GENES SEGMENTS OF CHROMOSOMES THAT TRANSMIT HEREDITARY CHARACTERISTICS.
HISTOLOGIST A MEDICAL SCIENTIST WHO SPECIALIZES IN THE STUDY OF TISSUE
HYPERPLASIA AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF CELLS OF A BODY PART.
HYPOCHONDTRIAC REGION THE RIGHT AND LEFT REGIONS OF THE UPPER ABDOMEN, BENEATH THE CARTILAGE OF THE LOWER RIBS; LOCATED ON EITHER SIDE OF THE EPIGASTRIC REGION.
HYPOPLASIA INCOMPLETE OR UNDERDEVELOPED ORGAN OR TISSUE
INFERIOR BELOW OR DOWNWARD TOWARD THE TAIL OR FEET.
INGUINAL REGION THE RIGHT AND LEFT REGIONS OF THE LOWER SECTION OF THE ABDOMEN.
LATERAL TOWARD THE SIDE OF THE BODY, AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY.
LUMBAR REGION THE RIGHT AND LEFT REGIONS OF THE MIDDLE SECTION OF THE ABDOMEN.
LUMBAR VERTEBRAE THE LARGEST AND STRONGEST PART OF THE SPINAL COLUMN; L1-L5
LYSOSOMES CELL ORGANS (OR ORGANELLES) THAT CONTAIN VARIOUS TYPES OF ENZYMES THAT FUNCTION IN INTRACELLULAR DIGESTION.
MEDIAL TOWARD THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY.
MCBURNEY'S POINT A POINT ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE ABDOMEN, ABOUT TWO-THIRDS OF THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THE UMBILICUS AND THE ANTERIOR BONY PROMINENCE OF THE HIP.
MEDIOLATERAL PERTAINING TO THE MIDDLE AND SIDE OF A STRUCTURE.
MEMBRANE A THIN LAYER OF TISSUE THAT COVERS A SUFACE, LINES A CAVITY, OR DIVIDES A SPACE.
MIDLINE OF THE BODY DIVIDED INTO EQUAL RIGHT AND LEFT HALVES.
MIDSAGITTAL PLANE THE PLANE THAT DIVIDES THE BODY (OR A STRUCTURE) INTO RIGHT AND LEFT EQUAL PORTIONS.
MITOCHANDRIA WHICH PROVIDE THE ENERGY NEEDED BY THE CELL.
MUNRO'S POINT A POINT ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE ABDOMEN ABOUT HALFWAY BETWEEN THE UMBILICUS AND THE ANTERIOR BONY PROMINENCE OF THE HIP.
MUSCLE TISSUE THE TISSUE CAPABLE OF PRODUCING MOVEMENT OF THE PARTS AND ORGANS OF THE BODY BY CONTRACTING AND RELAXING ITS FIBERS.
NAVEL UMBILICUS; THE BELLY BUTTON.
NEOPLASIA THE (NEW AND ABNORMAL) DEVELOPMENT OF CELLS THAT MAY BE BENIGN OR MALIGNANT.
NERVOUS TISSUE TISSUE THAT TRANSMITS IMPPULSES THROUGHTOUT THE BODY.
NUCLEUS THE CENTRAL CONTROLLING BODY WITHIN A LIVING CELL.
ORGAN TISSUES ARRANGED TOGETHER TO PERFORM A SPECIAL FUNCTION.
PELVIC CAVITY THE LOWER FRONT CAVITY OF THE BODY; CONTAINS THE URINARY BLADDER AND REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS.
PERITONEUM A SPECIFIC SEROUS MEMBRANE THAT COVERS THE ENTIRE ABDOMEN WALL OF THE BODY.
PLANE IMAGINARY SLICES (OR CUTS) MADE THROUGH THE BODY.
PLANTAR PERTAINING TO THE SOLE OR BOTTOM OF THE FEET
POSTERIOR PERTAINING TO THE BACK OF THE BODY.
PRONATION A MOVEMENT THAT ALLOWS THE PALMS OF THE HANDS TO TURN DOWNWARD AND BACKWARD.
PRONE LAYING FACE DOWN ON THE ABDOMEN.
PROXIMAL TOWARD OR NEAREST TO THE TRUNK OF THE BODY.
RIBOSOMES CELL ORGANS (OR ORGANELLES) THAT SNYTHESIZE PROTEINS "PROTEIN FACTORIES".
SACRUM THE SINGULAR TRIANGULAR-SHAPED DONE.
SKELETAL MUSCLE MUSCLE THAT IS ATTACHED TO THE BONE.
SMOOTH MUSCLE MUSCLE FOUND IN THE WALL OF THE HOLLOW INTERNAL ORGANS.
SPINAL CAVITY THE CAVITY THAT CONTAINS THE NERVES OF THE SPINAL CORD; AKA THE SPINAL CANAL.
SUPERFICIAL PRETAINING TO THE SURFACE OF THE BODY, OR NEAR THE SURFACE.
SUPERIOR ABOVE OR UPWARD TOWARD THE HEAD.
SUPINATION A MOVEMENT THAT ALLOWS THE PALMS OF THE HANDS TO TURN UPWARD OR FORWARD.
SUPINE LAYING HORIZONTALLY ON THE BACK; FACEUP.
SYSTEM ORGANS THAT WORK TOGETHER TO PERFORM THE MANY FUNCTIONS OF THE BODY AS A WHOLE.
THORACIC CAVITY THE CAVITY, WHICH CONTAINS THE LUNGS, HEART, AORTA, ESOPHAGUS, AND TRACHEA.
THORACIC VERTEBRAE THE SECOND SEGMENT T1-T12
TISSUE A GROUP OF CELLS THAT PERFORMS SPECIALIZED FUNCTIONS.
UMBILICUS THE NAVEL; BELLY BUTTON
TRANSVERSE PLANE DIVIDING THE BODY INTO SUPERIOR (UPPER) AND INFERIOR (LOWER) PORTIONS.
UMBILICAL REGION REGION OF THE ABDOMEN LOCATED IN THE MIDDLE SECTION, BETWEEN THE RIGHT AND LEFT LUMBAR REGIONS.
VENTRAL FRONT; BELLY SIDE.
VISCERAL PERTAINING TO THE INTERNAL PRGANS.
VISCERAL MUSCLE SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Created by: PROUD2BMOM626