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ch4 whole body term

abdominal cavity cavity beneath the thoracic cavity that is seperated from the thoracic cavity contains the liver, gallbladder, spleen,stomach,pancreas,intestines and kidneys
anaplasia chsnge in the structure and orientatiion of cells characterized by loss of differentand reversion to a more primitive form.
anatomical position person that is standing with arms at the side and palms turned forward
anterior pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body
aplasia a development failure resulting in theabsence of any organ or tissue
cardiac muscle muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart
caudal pertaining to the tail
cell smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter
cell membrane semipermeable barrier that is covering of a cell
cervical vertebrae C1-C7
chromosomes threadlike structures within the nucleus that controls the functions of growth repair reproduction of the body
coccyx the tailbone
connective tissue tissue that supports and binds other body tissue and parts
cranial skull or cranium
cranial cavity cavity that contains the brain
cytology study of cells
distal away from or farthest from the trunck of the body
dorsal pertainin go to the back
dysplasia abnormal development of tissues or organs
epigastroc region region of the abdomen located between the right and left hypochondriac regions in the upper section of the abdomen
epithelial tissue tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body
frontal plane vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet, dividing the body into front and back portions
genes segments of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics
histologist medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues
hyperplasia increase in the number of cells of a body part
hypogastric region middle section of the lower abdomen beneath the umbilical region
hypoplasia incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue, usually the result of a deceerease in the number of cells
inferior below or downward the tail or feet
inguinal region right and left regions of the lower sectin of the abdomen
lateral toward the side of the body away from the midline of the body
lumbar region right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen
McBurney's point point on the right side of the abdomen about two thirds of a distance between umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip.
medial toward the middle of the body
mediolateral pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
midline of the body imaginary line created when the body is divided into equal right and left halves
mitochondria cell organs
muscle tissue tissue capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and relaxing its fibers.
navel the umbilicus the belly button
neoplasia the new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant (good or bad)
nervous tissue tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body thereby activating coordinating and contolling the many functions of the body
nucleus central controlling body within a living cell
pelvic cavity the lower front cavity of the body contains the urinary bladder and reproductive organs
peritoneum a specific serous memberane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera
plane imiaginary slices or cuts made through the body
plantar pertaing to the sole or bottom of the foot
posterior pertaining to the back of the body
prone lying face down on the abdomen
proximal toward or nearest to the trunck of the body
sacrum the singular triangular shaped bone
skeletal muscle muscle that is attached to the bone
smooth muscle muscle fond in the walls of the hollow internal organs of the body such as the stomach and intestines
superfical pertaining to the surface of the body
supination a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward
supine lyiong horizontally on the back faceup
thoracic cavity the chest cavity which contains the lungs heart aorta esophagus and trachea
tissue a group of cells that performs secialized functions
transverse plane dividing the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
umbilical region region of the abdomen located in the middle section between the right and left lumbar regions
umbilicus navel also called the belly button
ventral pertaining to the front belly side
visceral pertaining to the internal organs
visceral muscle (see smooth muscle)muscle found in the walls of the hollow internal organs of the body such as the stomach and intestines.
anter/o- front
cyt/o- cell
hist/o- tissue
inguin/o- groin
later/o- side
poster/o - back
proxim/o near
ventr/o- front or belly
ana,an,a not without
cervic/0- neck
hypo or sub below
inter- between
umbilic/o- navel
epi- upon
Created by: miriannava