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Oakton Vocabulary - Chapters 5 - 6

anorexia lack of appetite (-orexia = appetite)
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
borborygmus rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestinal tract
constipation difficulty in passing stools (feces)
diarrhea frequent passage of loose, watery stools
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
eructation gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth
flatus gas expelled through the anus
hematochezia passage of bright, fresh, red blood from the rectum
jaundice yellow-orange coloratino of the skin and other tissues caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood (hyperbilirubinemia)
nausea unpleasant sensation in the stomach and a tendency to vomit
steatorrhea fat in the feces; frothy, foul-smelling, fecal matter
aphthous stomatitis inflammation of the mouth with small, painful ulcers
dental caries tooth decay (caries means decay)
herpetic stomatitis inflammation of the mouth (gingiva, lips, palate, and tongue) by infection with the herpesvirus
oral leukoplakia white plaques or patches (-plakia means plaque) on the mucosa of the mouth
periodontal disease inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bone; also called pkyorrhea (py / o means pus)
achalasia failure of the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) muscle to relax
esopohageal varices swollen, caricose veins in the distal portion of the esophagus or upper part of the stomach
gastric carcinoma malignnant tumor of the stomach
gastroesophageal reflex disease (GERD) solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach
hernia protusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it
peptic ulcer open sore or lesion of the mucous membrannne of the stomach or duodenum
anal fistula abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus
colonic polyposis polyps (benign growths) protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon
colorectal cancer adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, or both
crohn disease chronic inflammatino of the intestinal tract (terminal ileum and colon)
diverticulosis abnormal side pockets (outpouchings) in the intestinal wall
dysentery painful, inflamed intestines
hemorrhoids swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region
ileus failure of peristalsis with obstruction of the intestines
intussusception telescoping of the intestines
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) group of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms associated with stress and tension
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers
volvulus twisting of the intestine upon itself
cholelithiasis gallstones in the gallbladder
cirrhosis chronic degenerative disease of the liver
pancreatitis inflammation of the poancreas
viral hepatitis inflammation of the liver caused by a virus
Created by: reetz73