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Medical Terminology

Cardiovascular and Lymphatic

aden gland
angi (blood) vessel
arteri artery
cardi heart
electr electrical activity
lymph lymph
phelb vein
splen spleen
thromb (blood) clot
ven vein
-ac pertaining to
-graph instrument used to record
-megaly enlargement
-penia abnormal reduction in number
-sclerosis hardening
brady- slow
tachy- rapid, fast
anemia disease in which there is a reduction in the amound of hemoglobin in the RBC's; anemia may be caused by blood loss or decrease in production or increase in destruction of red blood cells
aneurysm condition in which there is a ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall
blood pressure pressure exerted by the blood against the blood vessel walls; a blood pressure measurement written as systolic pressure (120) and diastolic pressure (80) is commonly recorded as 120/80 mm Hg
cardiac characterization diagnostic procedure performed by passing a catheter into the heart through a blood vessel to examine the condition of the heart and surrounding blood vessels; used most frequently to evaluate chest pain and coronary artery disease
cardiopulmonary resuscitation emergency procedure consisting of artificial ventilation and external cardiac massage
complete blood count laboratory test for basic blood screening that measures hemoglobin, hematocrit, red blood cell number, size and shape, leukocyte count and white blood cell differential; this easy and rapid test provides a tremendous amount of info about the blood
BP blood pressure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CBC complete blood count
congestive heart failure condition in which there is an inability of the heart pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs with nutrients and oxygen
CHF congestive heart failure
coronary artery bypass graft surgical technique to bring a new blood supply to heart muscle by detouring around clocked arteries
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
coronary artery disease a condition that reduces the flow of blood through the coronary arteries to the myocardium, denying the heart tissue of sufficient oxygen and nutrients to function fully (Heart failure HF)
CAD coronary artery disease
embolism sudden blocking of an artery by foreign material, such as air or fat, that enters the bloodstream and moves until it lodges at another point in the circulation
hemorrhage rapid loss of blood, as in bleeding
hypertension blood pressure that is above normal (greater than 140/90 mm Hg)
hypotension blood pressure that is below normal (less than 90/60 mm Hg)
leukemia malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal white blood cells formed in the bone marrow
myocardial infarction death of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting from an interrupted blood supply (also called heart attack)
pulse the number of times per minute the heartbeat is felt on an arterial wall; the pulse rate is most commonly felt over the radial artery; however, the pulsations can be felt over a number of sites, including the fermoral and carotid arteries
sphygmomanometer device used for measuring blood pressure
stethoscope instrument used to hear internal body sounds; used for performing auscultation and blood pressure measurement
MI myocardium infarction
varicose veins condition demonstrated by distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extermities
venipuncture a procedure used to puncture a vein to remove blood, instill a medication, or start an intravenous infusion
arteries blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
blood fluid circulated through the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins; composed of plasma and formed elements such as RBC, WBC, and platelets
blood vessels tubelike structures that carry blood throughout the body, including arteries, veins, and capillaries
capillaries microscopic blood vessels; materials are passed between blood and tissues through capillary walls
heart muscular, cone-shaped organ the size of a fist, located behind the sternum and between the lungs; pumping action circulates blood throughout the body
plasma clear, straw-colored, liquid portion of blood in which cells are suspended; approximately 90% water and comprises approximately 55% of total blood volume
veins blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
lymph transparent, colorless tissue fluid; contains white blood cells and flows in a one-way direction to the heart; similar to plasma
lymph nodes small, spherical bodies composed of lymphoid tissue; may be singular or grouped together along the path of lymphatic vessels; filter lymph to keep bacteria and other foreign agents from entering blood
lymphatic vessels transport lymph from body tissues to the chest; similar to veins
spleen lymphatic organ located in the upper left abdominal cavity between the stomach and the diaphragm; filters blood and acts as a blood reservoir
thymus lymphatic organ with two lobes located behind the sternum between the lungs; plays an important role in development of the body's immune system, particularly from infancy to puberty
Created by: 1138740071