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Turnicky 01 Hemato

Turnicky: Hematology

No increase in red cell mass, but a decrease in plasma volume Relative Erythrocytosis
Increase in red blood cell mass Absolute Erythrocytosis
Significant decrease in total body RBC mass Anemia
5 parts of the CBC Erythrocyte Count Hematocrit Hemoglobin Concentration RBC Indicies Peripheral Smear Review
Normal hematocrit 45% or .45
Mean Corpuscular Volume 80-100 fL Normal
Mean Corpuscular Volume < 80 fL Microcytic
Mean Corpuscular Volume > 100 fL Macrocytic
Red cell diameter >8um MCV >100 Oval or Round Normochromic; no polychromasia Macrocytosis
RBC diameter <6 um MCV <80 fL Hypochromic Microcytosis
Red Cell Distribution Width represents... Variation of red cell volume
Anisocytosis Variation in cell Size
High RDW Increase in heterogeneity of RBC size
Low RDW More uniform RBC population
5 Normochromic, normocytic anemias Anemia of Chronic disease Immune hemolytic disease Anemia of acute hemorrhage Aplastic anemia End organ failure
3 Hypochromic, microcytic anemias Iron deficiency anemia Thalassemia Long standing anemia of chronic disease
3 Macrocytic, normochromic anemias Vitamin B12/Folate deficiency Refractory anemiaa / Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Liver disease
Immature red cells Reticulocytes
Reticulocytes often have ____ coloration Blue From RNA
Formula for Corrected Reticulocyte Count % observed Reticulosytes X Pt HCT _________________________________ 45
Created by: bcriss