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Global Regents NY
Complete Global Regents Review (full year)
|What was the Neolithic Revolution noted for?
|The development of agriculture
|Describe the life of a Hunter-Gather.
|Nomadic-One on the move & not establishing a permanent settlement
|What does it mean to be Nomadic?
|To live on the move & not establish a permanent settlement (following your food source)
|What was the purpose of the Pyramids in ancient Egypt?
|They were tombs to hold kings (pharaohs) when they died-to honor them in their afterlife.
|What were some of the accomplishments of the ancient Egyptians?
|Heiroglyphics (writing), papyrus (paper like), mummification, and the calendar.
|Why did the Egyptians use the process of mummification?
|It was connected to their belief in the afterlife.
|Where is the Fertile Cresent located?
|It stretches between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, starting at the Mediterranean Sea.
|Where was Ancient Babylon?
|What was Ancient Babylon Remembered for?
|The Code of Hammurabi.
|Which river was the most predictable in its flood patterns?
|Nile River (Ancient Egypt)
|What is Monotheism?
|Belief in one god
|What is Polytheism?
|Belief in more than one god
|What was the first religion to practice monotheism?
|What was the social class system called in India?
|What is the Caste System in India based upon?
|Their religion (Hinduism)
|What is the Caste Sytem?
|A ridgid social class system in India-people where born into their class and generally did not move (solid like a real cast)
|What was Buddha's original name?
|What does Budda mean? & what did he try to do?
|Enlightened one-he attempted to find enlightenment.
|What did Buddah believe caused man's suffering?
|Man's desire and Greed
|Both Buddism & Hinduism share in the belief of what?
|What is Reincarnation?
|Belief that when you die your soul is reborn into another life form.
|What did ancient Greece contribute to modern day Western Civilization?
|What is Ancient Rome's contribution to Western Civilization?
|A System of written Laws & the idea of a 3 Branch Government.
|Which ancient Greek city state developed Direct Democracy?
|What is direct democracy?
|Citizens vote directly on the laws.
|Who was the Greek philosopher that wrote "The Republic"?
|What was the purpose of "The Republic" by Plato?
|It envisioned a perfectly governed society.
|Who was the Greek philosopher that was condemned to death for corrupting the youth of Athens?
|Why was Ancient Greece divided into several city states?
|Because of the Mountainous terrain.
|What was the city state of Sparta most noted for?
|Its military discipline
|What does the term Sparta imply when used today?
|What does the term "Golden Age" imply?
|When a culture or society experiences a time of advancement in learning and improvement in culture (advancements in Literature, Art, Science, etc.)
|Who fought in the Peloponnesian War?
|Athens & Sparta
|How long did the Peloponnesian war last & who won?
|27 years-Sparta won
|Who was the great statesman of Athens that ruled during its "Golden Age"?
|What Italian town was destroyed by a volcanoe with no survivors?
|What were Roman Architects and Engineers noted for?
|They developed the use of Arches, and built aquaducts, bridges and roads.
|Ancient Greek arcitects are most noted for their development of the __?__
|Column (i.e.-Doric, Ionic, Corinthian)
|Describe the Punic Wars:
|In the early days of the Roman Republic, Rome fought Carthage in 3 Punic Wars; Rome ultimately won.
|What is "Pax Romana"?
|A 200 year period of peace & prosperity
|Who was the first Roman Emperor to embrace Christianity?
|What finally ended the Roman Empire?
|Attacks in the west by the Barbarians or Germanic tribes.
|What is the holy city of Islam?
|What does "Islam" mean in Arabic?
|"Submission to the will of god (Allah)"
|What are the 5 Pillars of Islam?
|Code of rules to live by-a guide to proper moral behavior
|List the 5 Pillars of Islam:
|1-Allah is God;Mohammed is prophet 2- Pray 5 times a day facing Mecca 3- Give Alms (charity) to the poor 4- Fast during Ramadan 5-Make a Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca at least once in their life.
|What does the term "Hajj" mean to a Muslim?
|A trip-Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca at least once in their life.
|What is the holy book of Islam called?
|Who was Mohammed?
|The 1st true prophet for the Islamic religion (Allah spoke to him through Gabriel), he was also a businessman, military leader ans a political leader
|What African king made a hajj to Mecca?
|Mansa Musa king of Mali (All M's-Mansa Musa, from Mali was Muslim and went to Mecca.
|What does a belief in Animism imply?
|A belief that the spirits of nature are present in all living and nonliving objects.
|How are Animism and Shinto similar?
|Both are very similar in that they worship the spirits found in nature
|The Eightfold Path, The Four Noble Truths, and Nirvana are all associated with what religion?
|What do the teachings of Confucious encourage people to do?
|Follow a moral code of conduct with strict rules on relationships.
|How are the Five Pillars of Islam and the Ten Commandments similar?
|They both provide a guide to proper moral behavior.
|What is Feudalism?
|A social, economic, and political system of the middle ages.
|What is a "fief"?
|A grant of land-
|What is a "serf"? (Middle Ages)
|A peasant that worked the land in return for protection from their Lord
|What was a "tithe" ? (Middle Ages)
|A church Tax that was 10% of ones income
|Describe Manorism from the Middle Ages?
|The midevil mannor was the lord's estate and was self-sufficiant. The Lord was responsible for his land and all the people who worked it (serfs)
|What were the Crusades?
|Christian Holy wars against the Muslims over the city of Jerusalem.
|Why were the Crusades considered "The Most Successful Failure in History"?
|They were not successful militarily, but they did bring the Middle Ages to an end by promoting Cultural Diffusion (East meets West)
|In the 6th & 7th Centuries what were the major centers of learning in Europe?
|How long did the Middle Ages last-from what event to what event?
|From the fall of the Roman Empire (500 AD) to the beginning of the Renaissance (1500 AD)
|The Renaissance was considered a time of "rebirth" in several areas-list a few:
|Art, Science, Literature, and Culture.
|What was the importance of the Gutenberg printing press?
|For the first time books could be replicated easily and information could be spread quickly.
|What language was Renaissance literature printed in?
|Vernacular (Spoken language of a paticular area
|What did Renaissance art use in its form?
|"perspective" (3 dimensions) and "Realism"
|What did "michelangelo" do? (Renaissance)
|Painted the "Sistine Chapel" and sculpted "David" and "Pieta"
|What did Leonardo daVinci do? (Renaissance)
|Painted the "Mona Lisa' and "The Last Supper"
|What was a "Renaissance Man"?
|A person talented in many areas such as Michelangelo and Leonardo
|What did Michiavelli's book "The Prince" encourage rulers to do?
|Anything to keep control: "the end justifies the means".
|Explain the Scientific Method:
|It states that one should: question, observe, hypothesize, experiment, and then conclude.
|What was the Protestant Reformation?
|It Challenged the authority of the Roman Catholic Church with Martin Luther posting his 95 Theses
|What was the one thing that Martin Luther felt very strongly about?
|The "selling of the indulgences" (selling a place in heaven), or churches other methods of raising money.
|Where did the renaissance begin?
|Where did the Protestant Reformation begin?
|What was the "Divine Right Theory"?
|It gaves kings absolute power (power from god!) from the Age of Absolutism
|Who is the best example of an absolute monarch?
|King Louis XIV or the "Sun King" of France
|What did Peter the Great try to do for Russia?
|Make changes that would Modernize and Westernize Russia
|Meji of Japan tried to accomplish what during the Meji Restoration?
|Make changes that would Modernize and Westernize Japan
|Peter the Great of Russia and Meji of Japan both made changes to their countries that were similar how?
|Both made changes that would Modernize and Westernize their countries
|List some causes of the French Revolution:
|The abuses of absolutism, overtaxing (the third estate or 98% of the population), the building of the Palace of Versailles, and the neglecting of the French people a voice in government.
|Who led the "Reign of Terror"?
|How was Maximiliean Robsperre forced from power?
|by his fellow revolutionaries
|During the Reign of Terror what "Committe" was in control?
|The Committee of Public Safety
|What most strongly influenced the Enlightenment?
|When did Napoleon rule France as dictator? (From what event to what event)
|From his coup d'etat to his downfall in 1815 at Waterloo
|When and where did the Industrial Revolution begin?
|In England in 1750
|What changes where made during the Industrial Revolution?
|The domestic sytem (hand made items) was replaced with the factory system
|Who is known as the father of Communism?
|Karl Marx (he supported proetariat)
|List some important components of Capitalism:
|Competition, Profit Motive, and Free Enterprise
|Are Monopolies usually beneficial to the consumer?
|What is an entrepreneur?
|A person who starts his own business
|"The Great War" is also known as __?__
|In the beginning of WWI how did the US react?
|President Wilson supported a policy of isolationism. The US didn't enter until 1917 (the war began in 1914)
|What was the M.A.I.N cause of WWI & WWII?
|M=Militarism A=Alliances I=Imperialism N=Nationalism
|What was the Treaty of Versailles?
|A treaty signed to end WWI-Germany was harshly punished for the war (many believe that the unfairness of this treaty lead to WWII)
|What was the Immeadiate cause of WWI?
|The Assassination of the Archduke of Austria-Hungary by nationalist Gavrilo Princip of Serbia
|Describe the "Cold War" that followed WWII?
|A standoff between "Super Powers" (US & Russia) each trying to influence other countries with their political and economic beliefs
|Who were the Communists?
|Russia (Soviet Union) and its allies
|Who were the Non-Communists?
|US and its allies (not all were democratic-but they were not communist)
|What was the Holocaust?
|The mass extermination of 6 million Jews by the Nazi (Hitler Organization) otherwise known as The Final Solution or Genocide
|What are Monsoons?
|Seasonal winds that affect India-they can bring needed rain for crops or mass flooding or not come and cause droughts
|What were the Nuremberg Trialsand Tokyo Trials?
|Iternational trials for war crimes committed during WWII 1st time a nations leaders were held legally responsible for their wartime acts.
|Briefly Describe Korean War:
|1950-1953 Independent S. Korea fought Communist N. Korea for control of Korea (US & Allies helped S. Korea) Ended in Stalemate Korea is still divided.
|Briefly Describe the Cuban Missle Crisis:
|1962-Soviets were building nuclear missle bases in Cuba-US surrounded Cuba w/ ships to make a blockade-a standoff incured-eventually both sides made compromises & war was avoided.