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Orthopedic Notes

NHTC 12 Orthopedics Notes

orthopedics study of musculoskeletal disorders, including bones, joints, muscles, tendons & ligaments
orthopedist physician specializing in the Dx & Tx of musculoskeletal disorders
rheumatologist physician specializing in the Dx & Tx of joint disorders
doctor of osteopathy (DO) physician specializing in the Dx & Tx of musculoskeletal disorders
doctor of chiropractic (DC) physician providing Tx w/spinal manipulation to relieve pressure on nerves, to treat muscle spasms of the neck & back, tension headaches and leg pain
chiropractor does not have a DC degree, but is licensed and certified in chiropractic care
musculoskeletal system comprised of bones, joints, muscles, tendons & ligaments
bones blood cells produced in the bone marrow called hematopoiesis
bones store minerals, protect internal organs
4 types of bones long, short, flat & irregular
long bones arms, legs, hands, feet
short bones wrists, ankles, toes
flat bones skull, shoulder blades, sternum
irregular bones vertebrae, ilium, middle ear, facial bones
human skeleton 206 bones
axial skeleton 80 bones of the skull, vertebral column, thorax
appendicular skeleton 126 bones of arms, legs, scapulae, clavicles, pelvis
joints point of jucture between two bones that articulate/join together
joints cartilage or fibrous connective tissue lines the opposing surfaces of all joints
muscles composed of contractile cells or fibers that effect movement of organs and body parts
muscles maintain posture & allow movement
3 types of muscles voluntary, involuntary, cardiac
voluntary muscles muscles moved by consious control
involuntary muscles muscles moved by unconsious control
cardiac muscles heart muscle
tendons fibrous connective tissue that serves as the attachment of muscles to bones
ligaments fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to one another, connects cartilage, supports the viscera
Created by: rmlgray