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EKG Drugs

Oxygen Should be given to all patients with acute chest pain that may be due to ischemia, suspected hypoxemia of any cause, and cardiopulmonary arrest.
Epinephrine Indicated in the management of cardiac arrest. The chance of successful defibrillation is enhanced by administration of this drug and proper oxygenation.
Isoproterenol (Isuprel) Produces an overall increase in heart rate and myocardial contractility, but newer agents have replaced it in most clinical settings. It is contraindicated in the routine treatment of cardiac arrest.
Dopamine (Intropin) Indicated for significant hypotension in the absence of hypovolemia.
Beta Blockers: Propranolol, Metoporolol, Atenolol, Esmolol Reduce heart rate, blood pressure, myocardial contractility, and myocardial oxygen consumption which make them effective in the treatment of angina pectoris and hypertension.
Lidocaine The drug of choice for the suppression of ventricular ectopy, including ventricular tachycardia and ventricular flutter. Excessive doses can produce neurological changes, myocardial depression, and circulatory depression.
Verapamil Used in treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), effective in terminating more than 90% of episodes of PVST in adults and infants. It is also useful in slowing ventricular response to atrial flutter and fibrillation.
Digitalis Increases the force of cardiac contraction as well as cardiac output.
Morphine Sulfate The traditional drug of choice for the pain and anxiety associated with acute myocardial infarction. In high doses, this drug may cause respiratory depression. It is a controlled substance and has a tendency for abuse and addiction.
Nitroglycerin A powerful smooth muscle relaxant effective in relieving angina pectoris. It is effective for both exertional and rest angina. Headache is a common consequence following the administration of this drug.
Created by: Anet616