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Basic industries services that export primarily to consumers outside the settlement
Business services services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses
Central Business District (CBD) the area of the city where retail and office activites are clustered
Central place a market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area
Central place theory explains the distrib of svcs, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of hinterland for services; larger sttlmnts are fewer & farther apart than smaller sttlmnts & provide svcs for a larger number of people who are willing to travel further.
City-state a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
Clustered rural settlement a rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement
Consumer services businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and personal services
Dispersed Rural Settlement a rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages
Economic base a community's collection of basic industries
Enclosure movement the process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century
Gravity model a model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service
Market area (hinterland) the area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services
Nonbasic industries industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community
Personal Services services that provided for the well-being and personal improvement of individual consumers
Primate city the largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Primate city rule a pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-largest ranking
Producer services services that primarily help people conduct business
Public services services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses
Range (of a service) the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
Rank-size rule a pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement
Retail services services that provide goods for sale to consumers
Service any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it
Settlement a permanant collection of buildings and inhabitants
Threshold the minimum number of people needed to support the service
Transportation and information services services that diffuse and distribute services
Created by: KellyHGAP