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Bio A

What is a fistlike grip where the fingers and thumb wrap around in opposite directions? Power Grip
What is it when fingers and thumb come together enabling fine manipulation? Precision Grip
An organisms use of a feature unrelated to the feature's original function Preadaptation
Most Primitive Primates? Prosimians
What are the higher primates (new and Old world monkey?) Anthropoids
Round nostrils separated by soft tissue Platyrrhine
Close together nostrils and point downward Catarrhine
Narrow face, sitting pad, long trunk, and non-prehensile tail Colobines, and Cercopithecines
Africa and Asia Polygnous, Medium-sized, long tail, specialized stomachs Colobines
Polygynous 1 Male
Polyandrous 1 Female
Low competition Multimale-Multifemale
Usually temporary groups All-Male
Monogamous 1 Male, 1 Female
Interactions Occurs only to mate Solitary
Laterally Placed eyes, grooming claw, tooth comb, nocturnal, have a tail, Madagascar Lemurs
All nocturnal, Noyau, small or absent tail, most widespread prosimians, Africa Lorises
Small, nocturnal, carnivores, Long hairless tail with a tuff at the end, leapers, South East Asia Tarsiers
Diurnal, prehensile tail, arboreal quadrupeds, New world monkey, all Central and South America Atelidae
Smallest monkey, Non prehensile tail, most primitive, twinning, monogamy, males care for offspring Central and South America Cebidae
Asian and African monkeys, polygnous, non-prehensile tail, arboreal and terrestrial quadrupeds Cercopithecinae
African Apes, Asian Apes, no tail, very intelligent Hominoidea
South East Asia, Little sexual dimorphism, monogamous, brachiator, most arboreal of all apes, long arms, Gibbons
Asia, Very sexual dimorphic, mainly arboreal, knuckle-walkers, noyau, largest apes, peaceful, Orangutan
Africa, Very sexually dimorphic, terrestrial quadruped, vegetarian, multimale, multifemale group, Gorilla
Africa, Multimale, Multifemale, Our closest relative, terrestrial quadrupeds, most successful apes, Chimpanzee
Cultural and biological variations are inherited in the same way Biological determinism
Gradual change in the frequency of a trait in populations dispersed over geological space Cline
Characteristics with different phenotypic expressions Polymorphism
Multiple alleles present in a population due to stabilizing selection Balanced Polymorphism
Body size tends to be greater in colder climates, as mass increases surface area decreases proportionately Bergmann's Rule
Shorter appendages with high mass-to surface rations are adaptive in the cold. Allen's Rule
What is the bias in the fossil record Only some organisms are fossilized, fewer are found, may not be a proper erosional environment
Created by: 100000048092088