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MT-Combining Forms

Root Words with Combining Forms Ch. 1-4

acanth(o) spiny; thorny
actin(o) light
alge pain
algesi pain
algio pain
algo pain
amyl(o) starch
andro masculine
athero plaque; fatty substance
bacill(i) bacilli; bacteria
bacteri(o) bacteria
bar(o) weight; pressure
bas(o) base
basi(o) base
bio- life
blasto immature cells
cac(o) bad; ill
calc(o) calcium
calci(o) calcium
carcin(o) cancer
chem(o) chemical
chlor(o) chlorine; green
chondrio cartilage, grainy, gritty
chondro cartilage, grainy, gritty
chore(o) dance
chrom color
chromat color
chromo color
chrono time
chyl(o) chyle, a digestive juice
chym(o) chyme, semifluid production of chyme in the stomach
cine(o) movement
coni(o) dust
crin(o) secrete
cry(o) cold
crypt(o) hidden; obscure
cyan(o) blue
cycl(o) circle; cycle; cilliary body
cyst(o) bladder, cyst, cystic duct
cysti bladder, cyst, cystic duct
cyt(o) cell
dextr(o) right, toward the right
dips(o) thirst
dors(o) back
dorsi back
dynamo force; energy
echo reflected sound
electr(o) electricity; electric
eosin(o) red; rosy
ergo work
erythr(o) red, redness
esthesio sensation, perception
ethmo ethmoid bone
etio cause
fibr(o) fiber
fluor(o) light; luminous; fluroine
fungi fungus
galact(o) milk
gen(o) producing; being born
gero old age
geront(o) old age
gluco glucose
glyco sugars
gonio angle
granulo granular
gyn(o) women
gyne women
gyneco women
home(o) same; constant
homo same; constant
hydr(o) hydrogen, water
hypn(o) sleep
iatr(o) physician; treatment
ichthy(o) dry; scaly; fish
idio distinct; unknown
immun(o) safe; immune
kal(i) potassium
karyo nucleus
ket(o) ketone; acetone
keton(o) ketone; acetone
kin(o) movement
kine movement
kinesi(o) motion
kineso motion
kyph(o) humpback
lact(o) milk
lacti milk
latero lateral, to one side
lepto light, frail, thin
leuk(o) white
lip(o) fat
lith(o) stone
log(o) speech, words, thought
lys(o) dissolution
macr(o) large; long
medi(o) middle; medial plane
meg(a) large; million
megal(o) large; million
melan(o) black; dark
mes(o) middle; median
micr(o) small; one-millionth; tiny
mio smaller; less
morph(o) structure; shape
narco sleep; numbness
necr(o) death; dying
noct(i) night
normo normal
nucle(o) nucleus
nyct(o) night
oncho tumor
onco tumor
orth(o) straight; normal
oxy sharp; acute; oxygen
pachy thick
path(o) disease
phago eating; devouring; swallowing
pharmaco drugs; medicine
phon(o) sound; voice; speech
phot(o) light
physi physical; natural
physio physical; natural
physo air; gas; growing
phyt(o) plant
plasma formative; plasma
plasmo formative; plasma
poikilo varied; irregular
pseud(o) false
pyo pus
pyreto fever
pyro fever; fire; heat
radio radiation; x-ray; radius
salping(o) tube
schisto split
schiz(o) split; division
scler(o) hardness; hardening
scolio crooked; bent
scoto darkness
sidero iron
sito food; grain
somat(o) body
somn(o) sleep
somni sleep
sono sound
spasmo spasm
spher(o) round; spherical
spir(o) breath; breathe
squamo scale; squamous
staphyl(o) grapelike clusters
steno narrowness
stere(o) three-dimensional
strepto twisted chains; streptococci
styl(o) peg-shaped
syring(o) tube
tel(o) distant; end; complete
tele(o) distant; end; complete
terato monster (as a malformed fetus)
therm(o) heat
tono tension; pressure
top(o) place; topical
tox(i) poison; toxin
toxico poison; toxin
toxo poison; toxin
tropho food; nutrition
vivi life
xanth(o) yellow
xeno stranger
xer(o) dry
xiph(o) sword; xiphoid
zo(o) life
zym(o) fermentation; enzyme
abdomin(o) abdomen
acetabul(o) cup-shaped hip socket
aden(o) gland
adip(o) fat
adren(o) adrenal glands
alveol(o) air sac, alveolus
angi(o) vessel
aort(o) aorta
appendic(o) appendix
arteri(o) artery
arthr(o) joint; articulation
aur(i) ear
auricul(o) ear
blephar(o) eyelid
brachi(o) arm
bronch(o) bronchus
bronchi bronchus
bucc(o) cheek
burs(o) bursa
calcane(o) heel bone
cardi(o) heart; esophageal opening of the stomach
carp(o) wrist bones
celi(o) abdomen
cephal(o) head
cerebell(o) cerebellum
cerebr(o) cerebrum
cervic(o) neck; cervix
cheil(o) lip
chil(o) lip
chir(o) hand
chol(e) bile
cholo bile
col(o) colon
colon(o) colon
colp(o) vagina
core(o) pupil
cortic(o) cortex
costi rib
costo rib
crani(o) cranium
dactyl(o) fingers, toes
dent(i) tooth
dento tooth
derm(o) skin
derma skin
dermat(o) skin
duoden(o) duodenum
encephal(o) brain
enter(o) intestines
episi(o) vulva
gastr(o) stomach
gingiv(o) gum
gloss(o) tongue
gnath(o) jaw
gonad(o) sex glands
hem(a) blood
hemat(o) blood
hemo blood
hepat(o) liver
hepatic(o) liver
hidr(o) sweat
histi(o) tissue
histo tissue
hyster(o) uterus, hysteria
ile(o) ileum
ili(o) ilium
inguin(o) groin
irid(o) iris
ischi(o) ischium
kerat(o) cornea
labi(o) lip
lamin(o) lamina
lapar(o) abdominal wall
laryng(o) larynx
linguo tongue
lympho(o) lymph
mast(o) breast
maxill(o) maxilla
medull(o) medulla
mening(o) meninges
muco mucus
my(o) muscle
myel(o) spinal cord; bone marrow
nephr(o) kidney
neur nerve
neuro nerve
oculo eye
odont(o) tooth
onych(o) nail
oo egg
oophor(o) ovary
ophthalm(o) eye
opto eye; sight
optico eye; sight
or(o) mouth
orchi(o) testis
orchid(o) testis
osseo bone
ossi bone
ost(e) bone
osteo bone
ot(o) ear
ovari(o) ovary
ovi egg; ova
ovo egg; ova
ped(o) foot; child
pedi foot; child
pelvi(o) pelvic bone; hip
pelvo pelvic bone; hip
pharyng(o) pharynx
phleb(o) vein
phren(o) diaphragm; mind
phreni diaphragm; mind
phrenico diaphragm; mind
pil(o) hair
plasmat(o) plasma
pleur(o) rib; side; pleura
pleura rib; side; pleura
pneum(a) lungs; air; breathing
pneumat(o) lungs; air; breathing
pneum(o) lungs; air; breathing
pneumon(o) lungs; air; breathing
pod(o) foot
proct(o) anus
psych(o) mind
psyche mind
pulmon(o) lung
pyel(o) renal pelvis
rachi(o) spine
rect(o) rectum
reni kidney
reno kidney
rhin(o) nose
sacr(o) sacrum
sarco fleshy tissue; muscle
scler(o) sclera
sial(o) salivary glands; saliva
sigmoid(o) sigmoid colon
sperma semen; spermatozoa
spermato semen; spermatozoa
spermo semen; spermatozoa
splanchn(o) viscera
splanchni viscera
splen(o) spleen
spondyl(o) vertebra
stern(o) sternum
steth(o) chest
stom(a) mouth
stomat(o) mouth
ten(o) tendon
tendin(o) tendon
tendo tendon
tenon(o) tendon
test(o) testis
thorac(o) thorax, chest
thoracico thorax, chest
thym(o) thymus gland
thyr(o) thyroid gland
trache(o) trachea
trachel(o) neck
trich(o) hair
trichi hair
varico varicosity
vas(o) blood vessel, duct
veni vein
veno vein
ventricul(o) ventricle
vertebro vertebra
vesic(o) bladder
adip(o) fatty
dermat(o) skin
derm(o) skin
hidr(o) sweat, sweat glands
ichthy(o) fish, scaly
kerat(o) horny tissue
lip(o) fatty
melan(o) black, very dark
myc(o) fungus
onych(o) nail
pil(o) hair
seb(o) sebum, sebacecous glands
steat(o) fat
trich(o) hair
xanth(o) yellow
xer(o) dry
Created by: 1301554175