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Infection Control

handwashing `major aspect of "standard/universal precauiton" `most effective way to prevent the `spread of PATHOGENS(ds causing organisms)`protect HCW from ds &illness `hands are perfect media for spread of pathogens
when to wash hands when arriving&leaving a facility`b4&after pt contact`anytime hands become contaminated` before applying&immediatley after removing gloves`b4&after handling specimens`after using br`after cough/sneeze/tissue use `b4&after eating`after contact with mucous
Principles of proper handwashing `use soap `use warm water `point fingertips downward `use dry paper towels to turn on/off sink `clean nails
use soap removes dirt/oil/bacteria
use warm water produces a better lather `better for skin
point fingertips downward prevents pathogens from moving up
use dry paper towel to turn on/off sink pathogens travel thru wet towels
standard (universal) precautions `developed by CDC (centers for disease control) `use at all times to prevent cotact with blood or other potentially infectious body fluids `ALL PATIENTS are considered potentially infectious `EVERY BODY FLUID is treated as being potentially infectious
standard (universal) precautions cont. used in ANY/ALL SITUATIONS in which HCW may contact any body fluid
body fluids that may include: mucus `sputum `saliva `CSF `urine `feces `vomit ` semen/vaginal secretion `mucous membranes `nonitact skin `tissue or cell specimens
bloodborne pathogen standards `est. by OSHA in 1991 `must be followed by HCF `employer faces penalties if regulations are not implemented & followed($$$)
BBP required regulations `developed a written ECP(update annually) ` indentify all employees at risk for BBP exposure `provide HBV vaccine `provide adequate handwashing facilities `ensure worksites is maintianed clean &sanitatry `disinfect with-10% bleach solution
provide PPE gloves- single use `mask- change every 30min or when moist `protective eye wear `face sheild `lab coat `gown `cpr mask `other ???
BPE regulations dispose of infectious waste correctly `-biohazard-labeled with red/orange `containers `laundrybags- "handle with care"-fore containated linens `sharps containers- dont open -dent to medical waste facility for proper disposal
BPE regulations cont. provide confidential follow up for exposure incident `needle stick- altenative to recapping needles `never recap needles `splashing `report all exposure IMMEDIATLEY
Created by: lovin2danse