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Bonewit chapter 3

Sterilization and Disenfection

Antiseptic A substance that kills disease producing microorganisms but not their spores.
Autoclave An apparatus for the sterilization of materials,using steam under preasure.
Contaminate To soil,stain,or pollute;to make impure.
Critical item An item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or the vascular system.
Decontamination The physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting disease;this makes the item safe to handle.
Detergent An agent that cleanses by emulsifying dirt and oil.
Disinfectant An agent used to destroy pathogenic organisms but not their spores
Hazardous Chemical Any chemical that presents a threat to the health and safety of an individual coming into contact with it.
Incubate To provide proper conditions for growth and development,
Load The articles that are being sterilized.
Material safety data sheet A sheet that provides information regarding a chemical,its hazards,and measures to take to prevent injury and illness when handling the chemical.
Non critical item An item that comes into contact with intact skin,but does not come into contact with the mucus membranes
Sanitization A process to remove organic matter from a article and to reduce the number of microorganisms to a safety level as determined by public health requirements.
Semicritical item An item thet comes into contact with nonintact skin or intact mucous membranes.
Spore A hard thick walled capsule formed by some bacteria the contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacteria cell.
Sterilization The process of destroying all forms of microbial life,including bacteria spores.
Thermolabile Easily effected or changed by heat.
Created by: justine whitley