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Ch. 3 C.H.

Chapter 3 Church History Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
a heresy denying that Jesus is truly God Arianism
a term used for the papacy, identifying the pope as successor to the Apostle Peter; also called the "Holy See" Apostolic See
literally, "behind walls"; women and men religious who choose to live within monasteries cloistered
the residences of religious women who are bound together by vows to a religious life convents
meeting of bishops in 325 that condemned Arianism and formulated the Nicene Creed Council of Nicaea
Christian men who lived alone in desert territories of northern Africa and the Middle East in order to sacrifice their lives to Christ. some women also choose this lifestyle desert fathers
a meeting to which all bishops of the world are invited to exercise their authority in union with the pope, the successor of Peter, in addressing concerns facing the world-wide church ecumencial council
a designation for Church leaders during the early centuries of Christianity whose teachings collectively helped to formulate Christian doctrine and practices Fathers of the Church
a tribe originating in China; one of the last barbarian groups to invade Western Europe Huns
a religious cult that viewed reality as a constant struggle between spirit (good) and matter (evil) Manicheans
a person who lives the monastic life, engaging in prayer, meditation, and solitude monk
belief that Jesus has only one nature, instead of the traditional Christian teaching that Jesus has two natures - human and divine monophysitism
summary of essential Christian beliefs written and approved at the Councils of Nicaea (325) and Constantinople (381) Nicene Creed
the term means "the greatest bridge-builder"; title for emperors and, later, the pope Pontifex Maximus
one of the most destructive nomadic tribes; adopted Arianism when they converted to Christianity vandals
a Germanic tribe who settled primarily in Spain; the first such group to lay siege to Rome Visigoths
Saint Jerome's Latin translation of the Bible; the word vulgate is derived from the same Latin root as vulgar, which originally simply meant "of the common people" vulgate
Created by: boydrac13
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