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LOFM Chapter 3

The Language of Medicine Ninth Edition

QuestionAnswer
abdomin/o abdomen
acr/o extremities, top, extreme point
acu/o sharp, severe, sudden
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
amnio/o amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
angi/o vessel
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
axill/o armpit
bi/o life
blephar/o eyelid
bronch/o bronchial tubes(two tubes, one right and one left, that branch from the trachea to enter the lungs
carnin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
chem/o drug, chemical
chondr/o cartilage
chron/o time
col/o colon(large intestine)
cyst/o urinary bladder
encephal/o brain
erythr/o red
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water, fluid
inguin/o groin
isch/o to hold back
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
leuk/o white
lymph/o lymph-- a clear fluid that bathes tissue spaces, is contained in special lymph vessels and nodes throughtout the body
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
morph/o shape, form
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
necr/o death (of cells or whole body)
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
neutr/o neutrophil (a white blood cell)
nucle/o nucleus
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
path/o disease
peritone/o pertoneum
phag/o to eat, swallow
phleb/o vein
plas/o formation, development
pleur/o pleura (membrane surrounding lungs and adjacent to chest wall)
pneumon/o lungs
pulmon/o lungs
radi/o x-rays
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
splen/o spleen
staphyl/o clusters
strept/o twisted chains
thorac/o chest
tromb/o clot
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
ven/o vein
-algia pain
-cele hernia
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-coccu (plural) -cocci berry-shaped bacterium
-cyte cell
-dynia pain
-ectomy excision, removal, rection
-emia blood condition
-genesis condition of producing, forming
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-itis inflamation
-logy study of
-lysis breakdown, destruction, separation
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-oma turmor, mass, collection of fluid
-opsy to view
-osis condition, usually abnormal
-pathy disease conditon
-penia deficiency
-phobia fear
-plasia development, formation, growth
-plasy surgical repair
-ptosis falling, dropping, prolapse
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument for visual examination
-scopy process of visual examination with and endoscope
-stasis stopping, controlling
-stomy opening to form a mouth (stoma)
-therapy treatment
-tomy incision, cutting into
-trophy development, nourishment
-er one who
-ia condition
-ist specialist
-ole -ule little, small
-um -ium structure, tissue
-us structure, substance
-y condition, process
-ac, -iac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-genic pertaining to producing, produced by, or in
-ic, -ical pertaining to
-oid resembling
-ose pertaining to, full of
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
Created by: ADRIANAF
 

 



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