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PHHS - APHUG Unit 2

PHHS - APHUG: Important vocab for Unit 2 - Population

QuestionAnswer
Region of highest population concentration in the world. East Asia
Region of 2nd highest population concentration in the world. South Asia
Region of 3rd highest population concentration in the world. Europe
Region of 4th highest population concentration in the world. North America (Eastern Seaboard)
How governments determine the number of people in the country. census
total population divided by total land area arithmetic population density
total population divided by arable land physiologic density
rural population divided by arable land agricultural density
number of live births per 1000 people per year crude birth rade (CBR)
number of deaths per 1000 people per year crude death rate (CDR)
Annunal percentage of population growth in a country, factoring in only births and deaths rate of natural increase (RNI)
estimate of how long it takes for a country to double in size (in years) doubling time
number of migrants per 1000 people per year net migration rate
annual percentage of population growth in a country, factoring in births, deaths, and net migration the demographic equation
estimated number of children born to each female of birthing age (15-45) total fertility rate
growth where the rate of increase is stable over time linear growth
growth where the rate of increase gets larger over time exponential growth
British economist; predicted that the world's population will one day exceed the total food supply Thomas Malthus
the total number of organisms an environment can support carrying capacity
People who still believe Malthus's idea is valid and one day the population will exceed the total food supply Neo-Malthusians
model that describes how all nations go through the same stages as they develop technologically demographic transition model
a nation that has a high birth and death rate, with low, variable natural increase stage 1
a nation that has a high birth rate, but a quickly declining death rate stage 2
a nation with a birth rate starting to fall, with a death rate starting to stablize newly industrializing country (NIC)
a nation with a declining birth rate and a low and stable death rate stage 3
a nation with a low birth and death rate, with a low (possibly negative) natural increase stage 4
a place's make-up in terms of age and gender population structure
one bar on a population pyramid: shows number (or percent) of people of one gender and age group age-sex cohort
found on a population pyramid, could be caused by wars, disease, or baby busts gaps
population pyramid shape, indicates rapid growth, most likely a stage 2 nation triangle
population pyramid shape, indicates moderate growth, most likely an NIC or early stage 3 nation extended triangle
population pyramid shape, indicates slow growth, most likely a stage 3 nation or an early stage 4 column
population pyramid shape, indicates negative population growth, most likely a late stage 4 nation reduced pentagon
what we tend to see at the top levels of all population pyramids peak
migration within one nation internal migration
movement one nation to another external/international/transnational migration
movement from one place to another based on one's free will voluntary migration
movement from one place to another against one's free will forced migration
people who are forced to leave their homeland due to various factors, most often famine, disease, or warfare refugees
sending back of illegal migrants to their country of origin counter migration
negative aspects of a place that cause a person to want to move away push factors
positive things about an area that cause a person to want to migrate there pull factors
small moves, each to a place better than the last step migration
an event that may stop step migration and cause permanent settlement intervening opportunity
when a foothold in a new nation is established, and immigrants comunicate with people in their old nation, encouraging more migration chain migration
Movement in a closed circuit across any given amount of time cyclic movement
Movement based on the seasons seasonal movement
A way of life based on constant migration, generally to support herding nomadism
German-British demographer who established a set of laws describing general trends in migration Ernst Ravenstein
population policy that encourages large families expansive population policy
population policy that encourages small families restrictive population policy
population policy that favors one race or cultural sector of the population over others eugenic population policy
China's restrictive population policy; harshly enforced one child policy
one unintended effect of China's one child policy female infanticide
U.S. Immigration law that introduced the quota system Immigration Act of 1924
Created by: pdeanna