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Ch 10&11

Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
azot/o nitrogenous compounds
azoturia nitrogenous compounds in the urine
bacteri/o bacteria
bacteriuria bacteria in the urine
cyst/o bladder
cystoscopy visual exam of the bladder
vesic/o bladder
vesicocele hernia of the bladder
vesicoscopy visual exam of the bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
glomerulopathy disease of the glomerulus
gluc/o glucose, sugar, sweet
glucogenesis creation of glucose
glucos/o glucose, sugar, sweet
glyc/o glucose, sugar, sweet
glycos/o glucose, sugar, sweet
glucosuria sugar in the urine
glycemia sugar in the blood
glycosuria sugar in the urine
keton/o ketone bodies (acids and acetones)
ketonuria ketone bodies in the urine
lith/o stone
nephrolithiasis pathological condition of the kidney stones
meat/o meatus, opening
meatotome cutting (enlarging) instrument for a meatus
nephr/o kidney
nephrologist specialist in the study of the kidneys
ren/o kidney
renal pertaining to the kidneys
noct/o night
nocturia urination at night
olig/o deficiency
oliguria deficiency of urine
peritone/o peritoneum
peritoneal pertaining to the peritoneum
py/o pus
pyuria pus in the urine
pyel/o renal pelvis
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney
pelv/i pelvis
pelvic pertaining to the pelvis
ur/o urine
urin/o urine
urology study of disorders of the urinary tract
urinometer measuring instrument for urine
ureter/o ureter
ureterostenosis narrowing or stricture of the ureter
urethr/o urethra
urethropexy surgical fixation of the urethra
AGN acute glomerulonephritis
ARF acute renal failure
ATN acute tubular necrosis
BNO bladder neck obstruction
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy
BUN blood urea nitrogen
C&S culture and sensitivity
Cath catheterization, catheter
CRF chronic renal failure
Cysto cystoscopy
ESRD end-stage renal disease
HD hemodialysis
H2O water
I&O intake and output
IVP intravenous pyelogram
KUB kidney, ureter, and bladder
PKD polycystic kidney disease
RP retrograde pyelogram
SG, sp, gr specific gravity
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
UA urinalysis
UC urine culture
UTI Urinary tract infection
VCUG voiding cystourethrography
VUR vesicoureteral reflux
andr/o male
androgynous pertaining to male and female
balan/o glans penis
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
crypt/o hidden
cryptorchidism condition of hidden testes
epididym/o epididymis
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
orch/o testis
orchi/o testis
orchid/o testis
test/o testis
testicul/o testis
ESRD end-stage renal disease
HD hemodialysis
H2O water
I&O intake and output
IVP intravenous pyelogram
KUB kidney, ureter, and bladder
PKD polycystic kidney disease
RP retrograde pyelogram
SG, sp, gr specific gravity
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
UA urinalysis
UC urine culture
UTI Urinary tract infection
VCUG voiding cystourethrography
VUR vesicoureteral reflux
andr/o male
androgynous pertaining to male and female
balan/o glans penis
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
crypt/o hidden
cryptorchidism condition of hidden testes
epididym/o epididymis
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
orch/o testis
orchi/o testis
orchid/o testis
test/o testis
testicul/o testis
orchipathy disease of a testis
orchiectomy surgical removal of a testis
orchidopexy surgical fixation of a testis
testomegaly enlargement of a testis
testicular pertaining to the testes
phall/i penis
phalloid resembling penis
prostat/o prostate
prostatoplasty surgical repair of the prostate
semin/o sperm
sperm/o sperm
spermat/o sperm
seminuria semen in the urine
aspermia condition of no sperm
spermatogenesis production of sperm
vas/o vessel
vasotomy cutting into or incision of a vessel
amni/o amnion (amniotic sac)amniotic fluid
cervic/o cervix
cervical pertaining to the cervix
colp/o vagina
colposcopy visual exam of the vagina
vagin/o vagina
vaginopexy surgical fixation of the vagina
embry/o embryo
embryonic pertaining to an embryo
episi/o vulva
vulv/o vulva
episiotomy cutting into or incision of the vulva (perineum)
vulvodynia pain of vulva
fet/o fetus
fetotoxic poisonous to a fetus
glact/o milk
galactorrhea flow or discharge of milk
lact/o milk
lactotherapy milk therapy
gonad/o gonads
gonadectomy surgical removal of a gonad
gynec/o women, female
gynecology study of female (disorders)
hyster/o uterus
metr/o uterus
uter/o uterus
hysterotomy cutting or incision of the uterus
metrocarcinoma cancerous tumor of the uterus
uterocervical pertaining to the uterus and cervix
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
lararoscopy visual exam of the abdomen
mamm/o breast
mammoplasty surgical repair of the breast
mast/o breast
mastectomy surgical removal of a breast
men/o menses
dysmenorrhea bad, painful, or difficult menstrual flow
nat/o birth
natal pertaining to birth
oophor/o ovary
oophorectomy surgical removal of an ovary
ovari/o ovary
ovarioptosis prolapse of an ovary
ov/o ovum
ovogenesis creation of an ovum
perine/o perineum
perineoplasty surgical repair of the perineum
placent/o placenta
placental pertaining to the placenta
salping/o tube (fallopian or eustachian)
salpingitis inflammation of a fallopian tube
son/o sound
sonorous full and loud in sound
vagin/a vagina
vaginapexy surgical fixation of the vagina
AB abortion
BSE breast self-exam
C-section cesarean section
D&C dilation and curettage
EDC estimated date of confinement (due date)
ERT, HRT estrogen replacement therapy, hormone replacement therapy
FHR fetal heart rate
GYN gynecology
IUD intrauterine device
IVF in vitro fertilization
L&D labor and delivery
LMP last menstrual peroid
OC oral contraceptive
Pap papanicolaou smear
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TAH-BSO total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
TSS toxic shock syndrome
Created by: adelaescalante