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Stack #720986

QuestionAnswer
ABO blood group system A method by which red blood cell antigens are classified
Accession numbre A term sometimes used fro the laboratory-generated unique identification number assigned to blood specimens from a specified collection time
Acidosis A pathologic condition existing when the blood pH decreases to less than 7.35
Active listening A set of skills that enables one to become a more effective listener
Acute care Health care delivered in a hospital setting that is assosiated with a hospital stay of usually less than 30 days
Addiction The continuing compulsive use of a substance in spite of negative effects on the user
Additives Substances that are added in small amounts to specimen collection tubes to alter the specimen so as to make it appropiate for laboratory analysis and handling
Administrative law A type of law that is initiated by the executive brach of government. Federal agencies write regulations that enforce laws created through the legislative body
Adrenals Endocrine glands that produce hormones as a result of emotional changes like fright or anger. Hormone production causes an increase of blood pressure widened pupils and heart stimulation
Adulteration Means of tampering with a specimen usually urine to make the specimen tests negative for drugs
Aerobic Microbes that live only in the precense of oxygen
Age-specific care consideration providing services that are age- appropiate and considerate. Factors tyically relate to Age-related fears/concerns, comunication styles, procedures for comforting the patient and safety
Airborne precautins Used for protective devices that reduce the spread of airborne droplet transmission of infectious agents such as rubeola, varicella, and mycobacterium tuberculosis
Alcohol Colorless liquid that can be used as an antyseptic
Aliquot A portion of blood sample that has been removed/separated from the primary specimen tube
Alkalosis A pathologic condition that results when the blood pH increases more than 7.45. In serious cases it can lead to come.
Allen test Procedure used prior to drawing specimens from the raidal artery.
Alveolar sacs Grapelike structures in the lungs that allow for difussion between air and blood
A;zheimer's disease (AD) A disease that causes loss of intellectual abilities and mood disorders such as depressions and combativeness. It is more prevalent in the elderly
Ambulatory care health care services that are delivered in an outpatient, nonhospital, setting.
American Hospital association (AHA) Nonprofit gropu or alliance of member hospitals and health care organizations that promote interests of hospitals.
Ammericans with Disabilities (ADA) Federal regulation prohibiting discrimination against individuals with disabilities and ensures equal opportunities to these individuals
American Nurses association (ANA) Professional organization for nurses.
american Society for Clinical laboratory Science (ASCLS) Professional organization for laboratory personnel that provides continuing education and conference activities
Ameican Society for Clinical Pathology ((ASCP) professional organization that certifies many types of laboratory personnel based on their passing a certification examination
Amniotic fluid fluid from the amniotic sac. EX the membranes that hold a developing embroy and fetus
Amphetamines A type of drug in tablet or capsule form that are "stimulants"
Anabolism A body function whereby cells use energy to make complex compounds from simpler ones
Analyte A substance being analyzed. i.e., a chemical analysis
Analytic phase refers to the phase in laboratory testing whereby the specimen is actually assessed or evaluated and results are confirmed and reported
Anatomic Pathology Major area of laboratory services whereby autopsies are performed and cytology procedures and surgical biopsy tissues are analyzed
Anatomy Study of the structural componets of the body
Anemia Medical condition whereby there there is a reduction in hemoglobin, thus lowering the O2 carrying capacity of blood cells
Anesthetic An agent that produces partial or complete loss of sensation. Used as pain relief.
Aneurism A weakness in the wall of an artery or the chamber of the heart that causes a dilation or partial balloon effect i.e., Protrusion of the weakened area
Anterior Surface region of the body characterized by the front area and including the thoaric abdominal and pelvic cavities
Anticoagulant Substance introduced into the blood or a blood specimen to keep from clotting
Antigen A marker on the surface of cells that identifies it as being "self" or "donor"
Antiglycolytic agent An additive used in blood collection tubes that prevents glycolysis
Antimobrobial Chemical or therapeutic agent that destroys microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi
Antiseptic hand rub applying/rubbing a waterless antiseptic product onto all surfaces of the hands to reduce the number of microorganisms present; the hands are rubbed until the product has dried
Antisepctic hand wash Washing hands with soap and water or other detergents containing an antiseptic agent
Antiseptics Chemicals used to to clean human skin by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms
Aorta The largest artery in the body
Arterial blood gases (ABGs) Analytical test that measures oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood
Arterialized capillary blood Capillary specimens obtained from warmed sites
Arteries Highly oxygenated blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Arterioles Snmaller branches of arteries
Ascites Fluid accumulation in the peritoneal cavity
Aseptic techniques A degree of cleanliness that prevents infection and growth of microorganisms
Created by: Beatriz